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close this bookTackling Hunger in a World Full of Food: Tasks Ahead for Food Aid (WFP)
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View the documentTABLE 1: FOOD AID SHIPMENTS (CEREALS) BY RECIPIENT REGION, 1971/72-1994/95
View the documentTABLE 2: FOOD AID SHIPMENTS (CEREALS) BY CATEGORY, 1975/76-1995/96
View the documentTABLE 3: FOOD AID SHIPMENTS (CEREALS) BY DONOR, 1971/72-1995/96 AND OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE FOOD AID CONVENTION (FAC)
View the documentTABLE 4: SHARE OF GLOBAL FOOD AID REACHING LIFD COUNTRIES,
View the documentTABLE 5: FOOD AID AND PRICES, 1971/72 - 1995/96

TABLE 1: FOOD AID SHIPMENTS (CEREALS) BY RECIPIENT REGION, 1971/72-1994/95

Year World Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America Asia Other Ex-USSR/Yugo as % of Other
  (mn tons) % % % %  
             
1971/72 12.5 4 6 74 17 n/a
1972/73 10.0 5 5 72 18 n/a
1973/74 5.8 20 6 55 19 n/a
1974/75 8.4 11 7 68 15 n/a
1975/76 6.8 11 8 60 22 n/a
1976/77 9.0 10 3 57 31 n/a
1977/78 9.2 14 4 53 29 n/a
1978/79 9.5 12 6 51 30 n/a
1979/80 8.9 18 8 46 28 n/a
1980/81 8.9 27 7 40 27 n/a
1981/82 9.1 26 8 32 34 n/a
1982/83 9.2 28 14 32 26 n/a
1983/84 9.8 28 13 34 25 n/a
1984/85 12.5 40 11 27 22 n/a
1985/86 10.9 35 15 31 19 n/a
1986/87 12.6 26 15 34 25 n/a
1987/88 13.5 28 19 35 18 n/a
1988/89 10.2 27 20 33 20 n/a
1989/90 11.3 24 16 28 32 n/a
1990/91 12.4 27 14 28 31 34
1991/92 13.1 34 14 27 25 58
1992/93 15.2 39 10 16 34 84
1993/94 12.6 26 13 21 41 92
1994/95* 8.4 36 12 28 23 87
*/ Estimate
Source: FAO Agrostat and FAO Food Outlook, Aug./Sept.1995
NB: This and all subsequent tables present data on cereal food aid only.
Non-cereal food aid has been increasing in importance over the past decades. As a percentage of food aid in cereals it grew from some 6 percent in the 1970s, approximately 8 percent in the 1980s to some 12 percent in the 1990s. To arrive at the approximate total volume of food aid, the above figures for cereal food aid might be multiplied by a factor 1.06 for the 1970s, 1.08 for the 1980s and 1.12 for the 1990s (FAO Agrostat and WFP INTERFAIS).
In terms of its value for most of the past food aid accounted for around 10 percent of total Official Development Assistance (WFP/CFA Food Aid Reviews).


TABLE 2: FOOD AID SHIPMENTS (CEREALS) BY CATEGORY, 1975/76-1995/96

Year World Programme Project Emergency
  (mn tons) % % %
         
1975/76* 6.8 71 19 10
1976/77 9.0 77 17 6
1977/78 9.2 71 19 10
1978/79** 9.5 72 18 10
1979/80 8.9 70 20 10
1980/81 8.9 60 26 14
1981/82 9.1 52 27 21
1982/83 9.2 62 26 12
1983/84 9.8 57 28 15
1984/85 12.5 53 21 25
1985/86 10.9 46 24 30
1986/87 12.6 55 29 17
1987/88 13.5 54 27 19
1988/89*** 10.2 54 25 21
1989/90 11.3 58 21 20
1990/91 12.4 56 21 23
1991/92 13.1 52 19 29
1992/93 15.2 57 15 28
1993/94 12.6 53 18 29
1994/95* 8.4 40 25 35
*/ WFP/CFA, Review of Food Policies and Programmes, 1978/82
**/ WFP, Food Aid: Flows-Directions-Uses, 1987/88/89
***/ WFP INTERFAIS, Food Aid Flows, 1995

TABLE 3: FOOD AID SHIPMENTS (CEREALS) BY DONOR, 1971/72-1995/96 AND OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE FOOD AID CONVENTION (FAC)

Year All Donors U.S.A EU Canada Japan Australia Other Donors
      (million tons)        
               
1971/72 12.5 9.2 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.2 0.3
1972/73 10.0 6.9 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.4
1973/74 5.8 3.2 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.2
1974/75 8.4 4.7 1.4 0.6 0.2 0.3 1.1
1975/76 6.8 4.3 0.9 1.0 0.0 0.3 0.3
1976/77 9.0 6.1 1.1 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.4
1977/78 9.2 6.0 1.4 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.6
1978/79 9.5 6.2 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.7
1979/80 8.9 5.3 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.6
1980/81 8.9 5.2 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.6
1981/82 9.1 5.3 1.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6
1982/83 9.2 5.4 1.6 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.5
1983/84 9.8 5.7 1.9 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.5
1984/85 12.5 7.5 2.5 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.8
1985/86 10.9 6.7 1.6 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.7
1986/87 12.6 7.9 1.9 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.7
1987/88 13.5 7.9 2.6 1.1 0.6 0.4 1.0
1988/89 10.2 5.3 2.2 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.8
1989/90 11.3 6.0 3.3 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.3
1990/91 12.4 7.3 2.6 1.1 0.5 0.3 0.5
1991/92 13.1 7.1 3.7 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.6
1992/93 15.2 8.5 4.1 0.7 0.4 0.2 1.2
1993/94 12.6 8.3 2.7 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.5
1994/95* 8.4 4.2 2.7 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3
1995/96** 7.6 3.2 3.0 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4
Minimum Annual Contribution        
FAC 95: 5.4 2.5 1.8 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1
FAC 86: 7.5 4.5 1.8 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.1
*/ Estimate
**/ Forecast
Sources:

- FAO Agrostat and FAO Food Outlook, Aug./Sept. 1995

- Food Aid Convention 1995 and Food Aid Committee, Estimated Shipments in 1993/94

TABLE 4: SHARE OF GLOBAL FOOD AID REACHING LIFD COUNTRIES,


1971/72-1995/96

Year Food Aid to LIFD Countries Share of Global Food Aid Share of LIFD Food Imports
  (mn tons) % %
1971/72 7.0 56 39
1972/73 6.0 60 24
1973/74 4.0 69 13
1974/75 6.7 80 21
1975/76 5.3 78 20
1976/77 7.1 79 27
1977/78 7.1 77 23
1978/79 7.7 81 19
1979/80 7.6 85 18
1980/81 7.3 82 15
1981/82 7.7 85 15
1982/83 8.2 89 15
1983/84 9.3 95 18
1984/85 11.5 92 23
1985/86 10.2 94 22
1986/87 11.4 90 24
1987/88 12.0 89 21
1988/89 8.7 85 15
1989/90 8.2 73 14
1990/91 9.7 78 18
1991/92 11.0 84 15
1992/93 11.1 73 16
1993/94 8.2 65 12
1994/95* 7.4 88 10
1995/96** 6.0 79 8
*/ Estimate
**/ Forecast
Source: FAO Agrostat and FAO Food Outlook, Aug./Sept. 1995

TABLE 5: FOOD AID AND PRICES, 1971/72 - 1995/96

YEAR Export Price Wht USNo2HW Global Cereal Food Aid Exp. Price (Y+1)/Y Global F.Aid (Y+1)/Y LIFD F.Aid (Y+1)/Y Progr. F.Aid (Y+1)/Y Multilt F.Aid (Y+1)/Y
  US-$/ton (mn tons) % % % % %
1971/72 60 12.5 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
1972/73 91 10.0 52 -20 -14 n/a 20
1973/74 177 5.8 95 -42 -33 n/a -36
1974/75 161 8.4 -9 45 68 n/a 47
1975/76 151 6.8 -6 -19 -21 n/a -21
1976/77 111 9.0 -26 32 34 44 43
1977/78 113 9.2 2 2 0 -6 19
1978/79 139 9.5 23 3 8 4 8
1979/80 170 8.9 22 -6 -1 -8 3
1980/81 179 8.9 5 0 -4 -14 1
1981/82 170 9.1 -5 2 5 -13 -4
1982/83 160 9.2 -6 1 6 21 5
1983/84 154 9.8 -4 7 13 -2 5
1984/85 148 12.5 -4 28 24 19 5
1985/86 129 10.9 -13 -13 -11 -25 -11
1986/87 110 12.6 -15 16 12 38 27
1987/88 123 13.5 12 7 5 6 10
1988/89 167 10.2 36 -24 -28 -25 -18
1989/90 161 11.3 -4 11 -6 21 18
1990/91 118 12.4 -27 10 18 5 14
1991/92 150 13.1 27 6 13 -3 12
1992/93 143 15.2 -5 16 1 28 n/a
1993/94 143 12.6 0 -17 -26 -23 n/a
1994/95* 157 8.4 10 -33 -10 -49 n/a
1995/96** 188 7.6 20 -10 -19 n/a n/a
*/ Estimate
**/ Forecast
Source:

- FAO Agrostat and FAO Food Outlook (all data except on mulitlateral food aid)

- WFP/CFA Review of Food Aid Policies and Programmes, 1981/84/88 and WFP INTERFAIS