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close this bookTackling Hunger in a World Full of Food: Tasks Ahead for Food Aid (WFP)
close this folder4. Chronic hunger and weak markets
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View the documentThe case for food aid
View the documentFood aid in support of agriculture and income generation
View the documentMarket-friendly food aid

Food aid in support of agriculture and income generation

4.5 On the one hand, it can be provided to hungry people through labour-intensive works programmes (including food-for-work). Such activities simultaneously address weaknesses in household productivity and deficiencies in purchasing power. Productivity and purchasing power can both be enhanced by food-aided works programmes which support a transfer of resource management techniques, the stabilization of shifting dunes, the establishment of tree and shrub nurseries, the building of small-scale irrigation infrastructure, or the creation of village-level grain and seed banks. The marketing of food produce can also be improved by the construction of feeder roads and bridges. The long-term impact of such assets complement the short-term gains in hunger-alleviation; both enhance local productivity and lead to a reduction in the need for external assistance. There is little risk of such food aid disrupting markets, or causing dependency or disincentives, since food delivered is additional to normal, typically inadequate, consumption.