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close this bookTraditional Food Plants of Kenya (National Museum of Kenya, 1999, 288 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentLocal names
View the documentColour plates
close this folderSpecies accounts
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcacia drepanolobium Sjöstedt
View the documentAcacia hockii De Wild.
View the documentAcacia nilotica (L.) Del.
View the documentAcacia senegal (L.) Willd.
View the documentAcacia seyal Del.
View the documentAcacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
View the documentAcokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schweinf.
View the documentAdansonia digitata L.
View the documentAerva lanata (L.) Schultes
View the documentAlbizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin
View the documentAmaranthus blitum L.*
View the documentAmaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.*
View the documentAmaranthus graecizans L.
View the documentAmaranthus hybridus L.*
View the documentAmaranthus sparganiocephalus Thell.
View the documentAmaranthus spinosus L.*
View the documentAnnona senegalensis Pers. ssp. senegalensis
View the documentAntidesma venosum Tul.
View the documentAsystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
View the documentAsystasia mysorensis (Roth) T. Anders.
View the documentAzanza garckeana (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillcoat
View the documentBalanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del.
View the documentBalanites pedicellaris Mildbr. & Schlecht.
View the documentBalanites rotundifolia (Van Tiegh.) Blatter
View the documentBasella alba L.
View the documentBerchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsley
View the documentBorassus aethiopum Mart.
View the documentBoscia coriacea Pax
View the documentBoswellia neglecta S. Moore
View the documentBrassica carinata A. Br.
View the documentBridelia taitensis Vatke & Pax
View the documentCajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
View the documentCanthium glaucum Hiern
View the documentCanthium lactescens Hiern
View the documentCarissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
View the documentCatha edulis Forssk.
View the documentCitrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.
View the documentCleome gynandra L.
View the documentCoccinia grandis (L.) Voigt
View the documentCoffea arabica L.
View the documentCommelina africana L.
View the documentCommelina benghalensis L.
View the documentCommelina forskaolii Vahl
View the documentCommiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
View the documentCommiphora rostrata Engl.
View the documentCommiphora schimperi (O. Berg) Engl.
View the documentCorchorus olitorius L.
View the documentCorchorus trilocularis L.
View the documentCordia monoica Roxb.
View the documentCordia sinensis Lam.
View the documentCrotalaria brevidens Benth.
View the documentCrotalaria ochroleuca G. Don
View the documentCucumis dipsaceus Spach
View the documentCyperus blysmoides C. B. Cl.
View the documentCyphia glandulifera A. Rich.
View the documentDactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
View the documentDactyloctenium giganteum Fischer & Schweick.
View the documentDialium holtzii Harms
View the documentDialium orientale Bak. f.
View the documentDigera muricata (L.) Mart.
View the documentDioscorea bulbifera L.
View the documentDioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax
View the documentDioscorea minutiflora Engl.
View the documentDiospyros mespiliformis A. DC.
View the documentDobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir.
View the documentDovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb.
View the documentDovyalis macrocalyx (Oliver) Warb.
View the documentEleusine coracana Gaertn.
View the documentEragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter
View the documentEriosema shirense Bak. f.
View the documentErucastrum arabicum Fisch. & Meyer
View the documentEuclea divinorum Hiern
View the documentFicus sycomorus L.
View the documentFicus thonningii Bl.
View the documentFlacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
View the documentFlueggea virosa (Willd.) J. Voigt
View the documentGarcinia livingstonei T. Anderson
View the documentGrewia bicolor Juss.
View the documentGrewia tembensis Fres.
View the documentGrewia tenax (Forssk.) Fiori
View the documentGrewia villosa Willd.
View the documentHoslundia opposita Vahl
View the documentHydnora abyssinica Schweinf.
View the documentHyphaene compressa H. Wendl.
View the documentHyphaene coriacea Gaertner
View the documentIpomoea aquatica Forssk.
View the documentIpomoea lapathifolia Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea longituba Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea mombassana Vatke
View the documentIpomoea oenotherae (Vatke) Hall. f.
View the documentKedrostis pseudogijef (Gilg) C. Jeffrey
View the documentKigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.
View the documentLablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
View the documentLagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
View the documentLandolphia buchananii Stapf
View the documentLandolphia kirkii Dyer
View the documentLannea alata (Engl.) Engl.
View the documentLannea edulis (Sond.) Engl.
View the documentLannea rivae (Chiov.) Sacleux
View the documentLannea schimperi (A. Rich.) Engl.
View the documentLannea triphylla (A. Rich.) Engl.
View the documentLantana trifolia L.
View the documentLaunaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) Jeffr.
View the documentLeptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
View the documentLippia carviodora Meikle
View the documentLippia kituiensis Vatke
View the documentMaerua decumbens (Brongn.) De Wolf
View the documentManilkara mochisia (Baker) Dubard
View the documentManilkara sansibarensis (Engl.) Dubard
View the documentManilkara sulcata (Engl.) Dubard
View the documentMeyna tetraphylla (Hiern) Robyns
View the documentMimusops fruticosa Bojer
View the documentMimusops kummel A. DC.
View the documentMomordica rostrata A. Zimm.
View the documentMondia whitei (Hook. f.) Skeels
View the documentMoringa oleifera Lam.
View the documentMyrianthus holstii Engl.
View the documentNymphaea nouchali Burm. f. var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.
View the documentOxygonum sinuatum (Meisn.) Dammer
View the documentPachystigma schumannianum (Robyns) Bridson & Verdc.
View the documentPappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh.
View the documentParinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
View the documentPennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.
View the documentPhoenix reclinata Jacq.
View the documentPiliostigma thonningii (Schum.) Milne-Redh.
View the documentPortulaca oleracea L.
View the documentRhus natalensis Krauss
View the documentRhus tenuinervis Engl.
View the documentRhus vulgaris Meikle
View the documentRubus apetalus Poir.
View the documentRubus pinnatus Willd.
View the documentRubus volkensii Engl.
View the documentRumex usambarensis (Damm.) Damm.
View the documentSaba comorensis (Bojer) Pichon
View the documentSalacia madagascariensis (Lam.) DC.
View the documentSalvadora persica L.
View the documentSclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.
View the documentScutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz
View the documentSesamum calycinum Welw.
View the documentSesamum orientale L.
View the documentSolanum nigrum L.
View the documentSorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
View the documentSorindeia madagascariensis DC.
View the documentStathmostelma propinquum (N. E. Br) Schltr.
View the documentStrychnos henningsii Gilg
View the documentStrychnos madagascariensis Poir.
View the documentStrychnos spinosa Lam.
View the documentSyzygium cordatum Krauss
View the documentSyzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
View the documentTamarindus indica L.
View the documentThylachium thomasii Gilg
View the documentTylosema fassoglense (Schweinf.) Torre and Hillc.
View the documentUrtica massaica Mildbr.
View the documentUvaria acuminata Oliv.
View the documentUvaria scheffleri Diels.
View the documentVangueria apiculata K. Schum.
View the documentVangueria infausta Burch. ssp. rotundata (Robyns) Verdc.
View the documentVangueria madagascariensis Gmel.
View the documentVangueria volkensii K. Schum. var. volkensii
View the documentVatovaea pseudolablab (Harms) J. B. Gillett
View the documentVernonia cinerea Less.
View the documentVigna friesiorum Harms var. angustifolia Verdc.
View the documentVigna membranacea A. Rich.
View the documentVigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.
View the documentVigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
View the documentVitex doniana Sweet
View the documentVitex ferruginea Schum. & Thonn.
View the documentVitex mombassae Vatke
View the documentVitex payos (Lour.) Merr.
View the documentXimenia americana L
View the documentZanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. var. chalybeum
View the documentZiziphus abyssinica A. Rich.
View the documentZiziphus mauritiana Lam.
View the documentZiziphus mucronata Willd.
View the documentTermitomyces-mushrooms (edible fungi)
View the documentAppendix: Nutritional composition of edible parts of plants
View the documentGlossary
View the documentBibliography
View the documentList of families and species
View the documentBack Cover


Anther The part of a flower producing pollen.

Asymmetric Not divisible by one or several planes into two or more similar parts.

Axil The upper angle between the stem and the branch or leaf growing from it.

Axillary Rising from the axil.

Berry A juicy indehiscent fruit having the seeds enclosed in pulp.

Bract A small leaf-like organ or modified leaf, especially one with a flower or inflorescence growing from its axil.

Bracteoles Small, usually scale-like bracts on or close to the calyx of a flower, above the bract.

Bulbil Small bulb-like organ near the base of leaves or in place of flowers which breaks off to form a new plant.

Calyx Outer (usually green) protective envelope of a flower consisting of free or united sepals.

Capsule A dry dehiscent fruit, composed of two or more united carpels.

Carpel Female reproductive organ, consisting of ovary, style and stigma. Carpels may be fused to form a single pistil.

Compound leaf A leaf with several leaflets.

Concoction Mixture of various ingredients.

Cordate Heart shaped (a term usually applied to leaf bases).

Corolla The petals as a whole, especially when joined.

Cotyledon A seed leaf.

Cyme An inflorescence in which the first flower to open is the terminal bud of the main stem, and subsequent flowers develop from lateral buds below it, or as terminal buds of lateral stems.

Deciduous Shedding leaves at certain times of the year.

Decoction An extract made from boiling parts of a plant in water.

Decumbent Lying flat with the tip growing upwards.

Dehisce To burst open.

Dehiscent Opening spontaneously when ripe.

Digitate Divided into five leaflets.

Dioecious Flowers unisexual; the male and female flowers on different plants (cf. monoecious).

Drupe Fleshy fruit with a stone enclosing the seeds.

Elliptic Shaped like an ellipse.

Elongate Drawn out.

Entire Having an edge without ridges or lobes.

Epiphyte Plant growing on another but not deriving nourishment from it (cf. parasite).

Filament The stalk of a stamen.

- foliate Bearing leaves (e.g. 4-foliate = bearing 4 leaves).

- foliolate Bearing leaflets (e.g. trifoliolate = bearing 3 leaflets).

Free Not united.

Globose Spherical.

Glutinous Sticky.

Gum A product of the disintegration of internal tissue, swelling or dissolving in water, insoluble in alcohol or ether.

Habit General appearance and manner of growth.

Head Mass of sessile or subsessile flowers grouped on a common receptacle.

Herbaceous Soft, not woody.

Hilum The point of attachment of a seed to its stalk.

Indehiscent Remaining closed when ripe.

Inflorescence The flowering part of a plant and the arrangement of the flowers upon it.

Infusion Liquid extract obtained when parts of one or more plants are left in hot water for some time.

Kernel The part lying inside the hard shell of a nut or drupe.

Lamina Blade of a leaf or petal.

Leaflet A single division of a compound leaf.

Leguminous Relating to the legumes (plants of the bean, acacia and tamarind families).

Liana A woody climber.

Live fence, live hedge A fence or hedge composed of growing plants

Lobe Division of a leaf, perianth or anther. Lobed margins usually have large rounded teeth and shallow notches.

Monoecious Flowers unisexual; the males and females on the same plant.

Nerves A vascular bundle of a leaf, usually appearing as a projecting ridge or line on the under surface of leaves, often starting from the midrib. The smaller ones are veins.

Oblong With sides more or less parallel and a rounded apex; longer than broad.

Obovate Like the longitudinal section of an egg, with the narrow end at the top.

Ovate Shaped like the longitudinal section of an egg, with the narrow end at the base.

Ovoid Egg shaped.

Pedicel Stalk bearing an individual flower of an inflorescence.

Petiole Stalk of a leaf.

Pinna Primary division of a pinnate or bipinnate leaf.

Pinnate Having leaflets growing on each side of a common stem or rachis.

Prostrate Lying along the surface of the ground.

Raceme Inflorescence in which the flowers are borne on pedicels or stalks along an unbranched stem or axis, the lower flowers opening first.

Rachis The axis of an inflorescence or of a compound leaf.

Recurved Bent backwards or downwards.

Resin A product of secretion or disintegration of internal tissue, insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol or ether, bum-ing with a sooty flame.

Rhizome Root-like stem, partly or wholly creeping underground and sending out roots and shoots.

Riparian Confined to river banks or along a stream.

Scandent Climbing.

Scrambling Producing long weak shoots with which it covers other plants.

Sepal One of the separate parts of the calyx of a flower.

Serrate Toothed like a saw.

Sessile Without a stalk.

Shamba Cropland or a piece of land owned by an individual or group.

Sheath Protective covering.

Simple leaf An undivided leaf.

Spike An arrangement of flowers (normally without a stalk) along an unbranched axis or stem, the lower flowers usually opening first.

Stamen Male organ of a flower, consisting of anthers (with pollen) and usually a filament (stalk).

Toothed With short projections on the margin of a leaf.

Tuber Underground food storage organ of a plant.

Ugali A kind of stiff porridge made by boiling flour and water-the flour is usually of maize, sorghum, cassava or millet.

Uji A runny porridge made by boiling flour and water (see ugali).

Whorl Group of three or more similar parts arranged in a circle about an axis (e.g., a twig).


1. Any flat membranaceous expansion.

2. One of the two lateral petals of a papilionaceous flower.