Cover Image
close this bookTraditional Food Plants of Kenya (National Museum of Kenya, 1999, 288 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentLocal names
View the documentColour plates
close this folderSpecies accounts
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcacia drepanolobium Sjöstedt
View the documentAcacia hockii De Wild.
View the documentAcacia nilotica (L.) Del.
View the documentAcacia senegal (L.) Willd.
View the documentAcacia seyal Del.
View the documentAcacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
View the documentAcokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schweinf.
View the documentAdansonia digitata L.
View the documentAerva lanata (L.) Schultes
View the documentAlbizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin
View the documentAmaranthus blitum L.*
View the documentAmaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.*
View the documentAmaranthus graecizans L.
View the documentAmaranthus hybridus L.*
View the documentAmaranthus sparganiocephalus Thell.
View the documentAmaranthus spinosus L.*
View the documentAnnona senegalensis Pers. ssp. senegalensis
View the documentAntidesma venosum Tul.
View the documentAsystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
View the documentAsystasia mysorensis (Roth) T. Anders.
View the documentAzanza garckeana (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillcoat
View the documentBalanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del.
View the documentBalanites pedicellaris Mildbr. & Schlecht.
View the documentBalanites rotundifolia (Van Tiegh.) Blatter
View the documentBasella alba L.
View the documentBerchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsley
View the documentBorassus aethiopum Mart.
View the documentBoscia coriacea Pax
View the documentBoswellia neglecta S. Moore
View the documentBrassica carinata A. Br.
View the documentBridelia taitensis Vatke & Pax
View the documentCajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
View the documentCanthium glaucum Hiern
View the documentCanthium lactescens Hiern
View the documentCarissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
View the documentCatha edulis Forssk.
View the documentCitrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.
View the documentCleome gynandra L.
View the documentCoccinia grandis (L.) Voigt
View the documentCoffea arabica L.
View the documentCommelina africana L.
View the documentCommelina benghalensis L.
View the documentCommelina forskaolii Vahl
View the documentCommiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
View the documentCommiphora rostrata Engl.
View the documentCommiphora schimperi (O. Berg) Engl.
View the documentCorchorus olitorius L.
View the documentCorchorus trilocularis L.
View the documentCordia monoica Roxb.
View the documentCordia sinensis Lam.
View the documentCrotalaria brevidens Benth.
View the documentCrotalaria ochroleuca G. Don
View the documentCucumis dipsaceus Spach
View the documentCyperus blysmoides C. B. Cl.
View the documentCyphia glandulifera A. Rich.
View the documentDactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
View the documentDactyloctenium giganteum Fischer & Schweick.
View the documentDialium holtzii Harms
View the documentDialium orientale Bak. f.
View the documentDigera muricata (L.) Mart.
View the documentDioscorea bulbifera L.
View the documentDioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax
View the documentDioscorea minutiflora Engl.
View the documentDiospyros mespiliformis A. DC.
View the documentDobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir.
View the documentDovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb.
View the documentDovyalis macrocalyx (Oliver) Warb.
View the documentEleusine coracana Gaertn.
View the documentEragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter
View the documentEriosema shirense Bak. f.
View the documentErucastrum arabicum Fisch. & Meyer
View the documentEuclea divinorum Hiern
View the documentFicus sycomorus L.
View the documentFicus thonningii Bl.
View the documentFlacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
View the documentFlueggea virosa (Willd.) J. Voigt
View the documentGarcinia livingstonei T. Anderson
View the documentGrewia bicolor Juss.
View the documentGrewia tembensis Fres.
View the documentGrewia tenax (Forssk.) Fiori
View the documentGrewia villosa Willd.
View the documentHoslundia opposita Vahl
View the documentHydnora abyssinica Schweinf.
View the documentHyphaene compressa H. Wendl.
View the documentHyphaene coriacea Gaertner
View the documentIpomoea aquatica Forssk.
View the documentIpomoea lapathifolia Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea longituba Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea mombassana Vatke
View the documentIpomoea oenotherae (Vatke) Hall. f.
View the documentKedrostis pseudogijef (Gilg) C. Jeffrey
View the documentKigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.
View the documentLablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
View the documentLagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
View the documentLandolphia buchananii Stapf
View the documentLandolphia kirkii Dyer
View the documentLannea alata (Engl.) Engl.
View the documentLannea edulis (Sond.) Engl.
View the documentLannea rivae (Chiov.) Sacleux
View the documentLannea schimperi (A. Rich.) Engl.
View the documentLannea triphylla (A. Rich.) Engl.
View the documentLantana trifolia L.
View the documentLaunaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) Jeffr.
View the documentLeptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
View the documentLippia carviodora Meikle
View the documentLippia kituiensis Vatke
View the documentMaerua decumbens (Brongn.) De Wolf
View the documentManilkara mochisia (Baker) Dubard
View the documentManilkara sansibarensis (Engl.) Dubard
View the documentManilkara sulcata (Engl.) Dubard
View the documentMeyna tetraphylla (Hiern) Robyns
View the documentMimusops fruticosa Bojer
View the documentMimusops kummel A. DC.
View the documentMomordica rostrata A. Zimm.
View the documentMondia whitei (Hook. f.) Skeels
View the documentMoringa oleifera Lam.
View the documentMyrianthus holstii Engl.
View the documentNymphaea nouchali Burm. f. var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.
View the documentOxygonum sinuatum (Meisn.) Dammer
View the documentPachystigma schumannianum (Robyns) Bridson & Verdc.
View the documentPappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh.
View the documentParinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
View the documentPennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.
View the documentPhoenix reclinata Jacq.
View the documentPiliostigma thonningii (Schum.) Milne-Redh.
View the documentPortulaca oleracea L.
View the documentRhus natalensis Krauss
View the documentRhus tenuinervis Engl.
View the documentRhus vulgaris Meikle
View the documentRubus apetalus Poir.
View the documentRubus pinnatus Willd.
View the documentRubus volkensii Engl.
View the documentRumex usambarensis (Damm.) Damm.
View the documentSaba comorensis (Bojer) Pichon
View the documentSalacia madagascariensis (Lam.) DC.
View the documentSalvadora persica L.
View the documentSclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.
View the documentScutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz
View the documentSesamum calycinum Welw.
View the documentSesamum orientale L.
View the documentSolanum nigrum L.
View the documentSorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
View the documentSorindeia madagascariensis DC.
View the documentStathmostelma propinquum (N. E. Br) Schltr.
View the documentStrychnos henningsii Gilg
View the documentStrychnos madagascariensis Poir.
View the documentStrychnos spinosa Lam.
View the documentSyzygium cordatum Krauss
View the documentSyzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
View the documentTamarindus indica L.
View the documentThylachium thomasii Gilg
View the documentTylosema fassoglense (Schweinf.) Torre and Hillc.
View the documentUrtica massaica Mildbr.
View the documentUvaria acuminata Oliv.
View the documentUvaria scheffleri Diels.
View the documentVangueria apiculata K. Schum.
View the documentVangueria infausta Burch. ssp. rotundata (Robyns) Verdc.
View the documentVangueria madagascariensis Gmel.
View the documentVangueria volkensii K. Schum. var. volkensii
View the documentVatovaea pseudolablab (Harms) J. B. Gillett
View the documentVernonia cinerea Less.
View the documentVigna friesiorum Harms var. angustifolia Verdc.
View the documentVigna membranacea A. Rich.
View the documentVigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.
View the documentVigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
View the documentVitex doniana Sweet
View the documentVitex ferruginea Schum. & Thonn.
View the documentVitex mombassae Vatke
View the documentVitex payos (Lour.) Merr.
View the documentXimenia americana L
View the documentZanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. var. chalybeum
View the documentZiziphus abyssinica A. Rich.
View the documentZiziphus mauritiana Lam.
View the documentZiziphus mucronata Willd.
View the documentTermitomyces-mushrooms (edible fungi)
View the documentAppendix: Nutritional composition of edible parts of plants
View the documentGlossary
View the documentBibliography
View the documentList of families and species
View the documentBack Cover

Appendix: Nutritional composition of edible parts of plants

Species

plant part

energy
kJ

water
%

protein
g

fibre
g

ash
g

fat
g

total
CHO g

NFE
g

vit C
mg

b-carotein
eq mg

Na
mg

P
mg

Ca
mg

Mg
mg

Fe
mg

K
mg

thi
mg

ribo
mg

niac
mg

chlorides
mg

Acacia nilotica

seeds



14.1

14.3

6.2

1.9






23









Acacia senegal

seeds



22

39

7.1

1















Acacia senegal

seeds



40.1

13.7

5

5.8






0.3









Acacia tortilis

seeds


8.28

13.21


16.21

6.93

55.37



18000

42

206

101

23

31

843





Acacia tortilis

green pod

280

75

4.2

7.2

1.5

0.3

19

11.8

1.1


1.03

62.7

187

45

3.9

296

0.23

0.02



Acokanthera oppositifolia

fruit


89.03







3.58












Adansonia digitata

fruit

1229

8.7

2.7

8.9

5.8

0.2

82.6

73.7

20.9


11.2

76.2

335

167

2.65

2409





Adansonia digitata

kernel

1803

8.1

33.7

16.9

5.9

30.6

21.7

4.8



2.48

5.12

273

640

6.55

1275





Adansonia digitata

pulp

1214

16.0

2.2

6.8

4.3

0.8

76.7

69.9

270

70


118

284


7.4


0.37

0.06

2.1


Adansonia digitata

meal

1331

7.4

6.6

5.7

4.2

0.3

81.5

75.8




143

300


2.6


0.02

0.07

2.2


Adansonia digitata

leaves raw

289

77

3.8

2.8





50




400








Aerva lanata

leaves raw


85.85

2.59


3.46




10.84

1518











Aerva lanata

leaves

201

83.1

3.9

2.1

3.0

0.6

9.4

7.3




86

493








Amaranthus sp.

leaves raw


83.28

3.15

2.01

3.12

0.21

10.24

8.23

127.27

10667











Amaranthus sp.

leaves raw

176

84

4.6



0.2



64

5716


103

410








Amaranthus sp.

seeds dried

1490

12.7

14.0



6.0






455

490








Amaranthus sp.

leaves raw

151

86.9

3.5

1.3

2.6

0.5

6.5

5.2

80



67

267


3.9

411

0.08

0.16

1.4


Amaranthus caudatus

leaves raw


75.51

4.72

3.02

5.55

0.29

14.29

11.27

179.49

9031











Amaranthus cruentus

leaves raw


79.96

4.84

2.0

4.36






2.2

94.18

673

644

10.62

1204





Amaranthus dubius

leaves raw


80.74

3.83

3.33

3.45

0.2

11.79

8.46

137.88

10375











Amaranthus hybridus hybridus

leaves raw

336

72.7

6.3

2.8

5.2

0.5

15.3

12.5



6.54

116

553

329

10.9

1389





Amaranthus thunbergii

leaves raw

147

83.6

4.3

2.8

5.1

0.2

6.8

4.0



14.4

67.5

313

135

13.6

381





Antidesma venosum

fruit


83







3.08












Asystasia gangetica

leaves raw


88.04

2.96

1.3

2.95




6.05

4625

38.41

43.08

379

242

15.56

493





Azanza garckeana

fruit


18.0



















Balanites aegyptiaca

fruit raw

511

64.0

2.2


1.9

tr.

31.9


14




47








Balanites aegyptiaca

fruit dried

1151

19.0

5.0

3.1

4.4

0.1

71.5

68.4

35

0


62

141


3.1


0.20

0.11

1.17


Balanites aegyptiaca

kernel dried

2289

5.0

23.0

5.4

3.2

43.5

25.3

19.9

0

0


508

172


7.0


1.60?

0.07

1.3


Balanites aegyptiaca

seeds

2140


27

1.0

3.7

34






720









Balanites aegyptiaca

fruit

1129


4.9

3.5








58









Balanites aegyptiaca

fruit

1357


4.1

6.6

3.9







80









Basella alba

leaves raw


90.2

1.85

1.5

1.4

0.33

6.22

4.73

227.45

1927











Basella alba

leaves raw

84

92.5

1.8

0.8

1.7

0.3

3.7

2.9

39



69

138








Basella alba

leaves raw

80

93.4

1.6

0.6





85

3500



105

1.6







Berchemia discolor

fruit









116












Berchemia discolor

fruit


38.65

0.99

30.43

3.08

2.8

59.26


2.85


300

2250

18.75

1250

175

7500




38.48

Borassus aethiopum

fruit raw

179

87.6

0.8



0.1



5



30









Boscia coriacea

fruit ripe

1994

7.46

16.63

31.92

4.82

1.93


44.7













Brassica carinata

leaves


86.1

3.5

1.6

3.4

0.8

4.3


197



77









Cajanus cajan

seed whole dried

1444

9.9

19.5

7.3

3.8

1.3

65.5

58.2

tr.

55


285

161




0.72

0.14

2.9


Cajanus cajan

seeds raw unripe


67.4

7.0

3.5

1.3

0.6

23.7?

20.2













Cajanus cajan

seeds dry ripe


10.1

19.2

8.1

3.8

1.5

65.4

57.3













Carissa edulis

fruit ripe, no seeds

77.2

3.4

2.0


















Carissa edulis

fruit unripe with seeds

79.2

5.7

2.0


















Citrullus lanatus

fruit raw

92

93.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.1

5.5

5.1

8

250


9

8


0.3


0.04

0.05

0.1


Citrullus lanatus

flesh

60

94.2

0.4

1.2

1.1

0.04

4.26

3.06

9.2


2.1

5.1

31.6

16

0.3

267





Citrullus lanatus

seed

1274

5.7

17.9

41.8

1.9

20.2

54.3

12.5



5.67

474

54

209

6.55

433





Citrullus lanatus

fruit


93.4

0.5

0.2

0.5

0.1

5.5

5.3













Cleome gynandra

leaves raw

181

85

5.1

1.3

3.6

0.6

5.7

4.4



33.6

12.0

262

86.8

18.8

410





Cleome gynandra

leaves raw

142

86.6

4.8

1.2

3.0

0.4

5.2


13



111

288


6.0






Cleome gynandra

leaves cooked

172

86.6

4.2

1.3

1.9

1.0

6.3





94

135


3.4






Commelina benghalensis

leaves raw


82.31

3.79


1.98






2.83

37.15

228

109

11.59

616.5





Commelina forskaolii

leaves dry



20.25

17.4

15.7

2.89

61.16

43.76













Commiphora sp. nr. campestris

fruit unripe


77.42

1.04


1.27
















Corchorus olitorius

leaves raw

243

80.4

4.5

2.0

2.4

0.3

12.4

10.4

80

6410


122

360


7.2


0.15

0.53

1.2


Corchorus olitorius

leaves dried

1000

20.2

19.0


9.1

1.6

50.1


2.0



525

1540


8.0






Corchorus olitorius

leaves raw

180

86.1

5.6

1.7





55

7900



270


7.7






Corchorus trilocularis

leaves raw


86.91

3.36

1.43

1.83




7.55

3562











Cordia sinensis

fruit


12.06

25.89

26.38

5.32

5.01

68.98




2125

3500

1250

1250

275

125




28.41

Cordia sinensis

berry ripe

2015

8.79

16.59

6.81


5.25

27.11

44.24













Crotalaria brevidens

leaves raw


74.5

8.8

1.6

1.6








222


0.8






Crotalaria brevidens

leaves raw



4.55






122

5800



270


38






Crotalaria ochroleuca

leaves raw


74.5

8.8


1.6
















Cucumis dipsaceus

leaves raw

146

89.9

1.0

tr.

0.8

0.7

7.6


21



25

14


1.0


0.03

0.05



Cyperus blysmoides

corm sheaths



12.44


12.81

3.14















Dactyloctenium aegyptium

whole seed

1440

11.4

15.7

2.8

2.9

1.9

68.1





460









Dialium orientale

fruit pulp


20.37

2.44


2.83
















Dialium orientale

fruit pulp with membrane


20.44

2.16


3.42
















Digera muricata var. patentipilosa

leaves raw


88.48

3.2

1.07

2.53




4.85

3800

65.32

73.73

316

190.4

14.9

597.8





Digera muricata ssp. trinervis

leaves raw


88.43

2.89

1.97

2.44

0.04

6.21

4.24

35.17

5719











Dioscorea bulbifera

tuber

326

79.4

1.4

1.2

1.0

0.2

18.0





58

40


2.0






Dioscorea bulbifera

tuber

469

71.0

1.5

0.9

0.9

0.1

26.6





29

69








Dioscorea dumetorum

tuber

519

67.3

3.2

0.8

1.1

0.1

28.3





45

52








Dioscorea minutiflora

tuber

494

64.0

3.0

10

1.5

0.1

27.0





41

69








Diospyros mespiliformis

fruit pulp raw

522.5

64.5

1.0






13



46









Dobera glabra

fruit green


11.04

22.63

19.1

20.66
















Eleusine coracana

whole grain red

1373

11.3

7.5

3.4

3.3

1.4

76.5














Eleusine coracana

whole grain white

1444

10.5

9.9

2.7

3.1

4.5

72.0














Eleusine coracana

grain

1377

10.9

7.4

4.3


1.3

77.7



tr.


244

397


17.1


0.18

0.11

0.8


Ficus sycomorus

fruit

227

82.7

1.3

3.6

1.3

0.9

13.8

10.2



3.91

36.5

68.1

42.3

1.94

399





Flacourtia indica

fruit


72.3







0












Grewia bicolor

fruit dry (flesh + skin)

1302

13.2

10.3

13.5

5.9

0.1

70.5

57

9.3


12.4

181

268

317

5.92

1707





Grewia tenax

fruit


59.14

4.5

21.13

4.33

6.8

60.87


161.09

1400

350

2750

1875

1250

125

7500




2.93

Grewia villosa

fruit flesh

443

70

3.3

1.9

2

0.2

24.5

22.6



3.8

41


34.6

1.9

672





Grewia villosa

berries green


84.2

1.6

5.9

1.5

0.1


6.7













Hyphaene compressa

fruit


6.45

1.24

14.95j

8.24

2.74

67.36




3100

3000

1250

2500

275

16250




0

Hyphaene compressa

fruit (mesocarp)


10.73

1.95

15.09

7.5
















Hyphaene coriacea

pulp ripe


11.72

4.66

28.86

4.55

3.91


58.02













Ipomoea aquatica

leaves raw


87.95

3.15

1.13

1.3





3063











Ipomoea aquatica

leaves raw


83.54

3.42

2.25

1.81






121.74

61.85

261.5

73.3

11.7

545.7





Ipomoea aquatica

leaves raw

184

85.0

3.3

1.9

2.0

0.4

9.3

7.4




42

180


5.4






Ipomoea aquatica

leaves raw

126

90.0

2.7

1.1





45

2900



60


2.5






Ipomoea longituba

tuber


85.72

4.02

1.61

1.6

0.1

8.56

6.96



6.32

22.85

599

72.61

6

230.6





Ipomoea mombassana

leaves raw


87.3

3.25

1.9

2.16

0.26

7.03

5.13

18.62

5969











Ipomoea mombassana

leaves raw


86


2.1

1.89

0.29




6862











Kedrostis pseudogijef

leaves raw


88

3.0

2.58

2.45

0.20

6.47

3.89

33.87

4505











Lablab purpureus

seed whole dried

1423

10.9

22.8

8.6

3.2

1.0

62.1


tr.



328

90


9.0


0.54

0.14

2.3


Lablab purpureus

pods immature


82.4

4.5

2.0

1.0

0.1

12

10













Lablab purpureus

pulse dry


9.6

24.9

1.4

3.2

0.8

61.5

60.1













Landolphia buchananii

fruit


87.5







18.29












Launaea cornuta

leaves raw


88.77

2.66

1.29

2.16




6.06

4609











Launaea cornuta

leaves raw


82.69

3.62

1.98

2.61






1.62

48.47'

355.2

121.69

12.72

396.66





Leptadenia hastata

leaves raw

226

81.0

4.9

4.7

2.6

0.2

11.3


78

4915


94

417


5.4


0.25

0.35

1.9


Maerua decumbens

fruit ripe

1990


24.18

16.57

1.85

1.48


51.18













Nymphaea lotus

root

502

64

5.2

1.0

1.1

0.2

29.5





151

93








Ocimum basilicum

leaves

313.5

77.1

5.5

2.1

5.2

1.4

13.9














Oxygonum salicifolium

leaves raw


88.69

2.3

1.68

2.1




10.16

3250











Pennisetum glaucum

grain whole dried

1427

12.0

10.4

1.9

2.0

4.0

71.6


3

tr.


286

22


20.7


0.3

0.22

1.7


Portulaca oleracea

leaves raw

96

90.6

2.4

0.8

2.5

0.3

4.2


58



31

104


1.4


0.03

0.15



Portulaca oleracea

leaves raw

142

87.5

2.2

1.1





20

1300



115


1.4






Salvadora persica

fruit


10.72

14.77

4.03

8.82

5.27

49.31




725.

2500

875

125

300

875




49.27

Sclerocarya birrea

flesh

225

85

0.5

1.2

0.9

0.4

13.2

12

194


2.24

11.5

20.1

25.3

0.5

317





Sclerocarya birrea

nut

2703

4

28.3

2.9

3.8

57.3

6.6

3.7



3.81

808

118

462

4.87

601





Sclerocarya birrea

fruit pulp raw


87.0







179












Sclerocarya birrea ssp caffra

fruit raw

126

91.7

0.5

0.5

0.2

0.1

7.5


68



19

6


0.1


0.03

0.05

0.2


Sesamum calycinum

leaves raw


76.51

5.60

2.23

2.23

0.62

15.04

12.81

47.06

8302

2.32

59.95

373.5

168.9

35.22

410





Sesamum orientale (S. indicum)

seed whole dried

2336

5.2

17.9

4.5

6.2

48.4

22.3


tr.

30


600

816


8.1






Sesamum orientale (S. indicum)

seed


5

22



50















Solanum nigrum

leaves raw

159

87.2

4.3

1.3

2.0

0.8

5.7


20

3660


75

442


1.0






Solanum nigrum

leaves raw

184

85

4.6

1.1





30

1700



215


4.2






Sorghum bicolor

grain whole brown

1431

9.5

10.3

2.4

2.9

2.9

74.4

72













Sorghum bicolor

grain whole red

1419

11.5

9.8

2.3

2.0

3.1

73.6

71.3


10


318

30


15.6


0.29

0.28

3.7


Sorghum bicolor

grain whole while

1431

11.0

9.8

2.4

2.0

3.2

74.0

71.6




320

40


5.8


0.21




Stathmostelma propinquum

tuber (semi-dry)



4.29

6.8

11.25

1.12

83.34

76.54













Strychnos innocua

fruit


70.6







14












Strychnos spinosa

fruit

305

78.8

2.7

1.4

1.8

0.1

16.6

15.2

10.6


4.55

22.6

45.8

43.6

0.75

328





Strychnos spinosa

fruit

301

79.7

1.6

0.6

1.0

0.6

17.1

18




42

28


0.7


0.11

0.17

1.9


Syzygium guineense

fruit


88.1



















Tamarindus indica

fruit raw

285

80.2

2.0

8.4

1.0

0.2

16.6

8.2

8



97

60








Tamarindus indica

fruit dried

1130

21.3

5.0

18.3

2.4

0.6

70.7

52.4

9

60


190

166


2.2


0.18

0.09

0.6


Tamarindus indica

Fruit pulp


20.6

3.1

3.0

2.1

0.4

73.8

70.8













Tamarindus indica

seeds



16.0



5.5















Thylachium thomasii

tuber


76.12

4.87

2.44

2.60

0.12

16.29

13.85



150.56

57.31

397

206.44

0.84

506.26





Urtica massaica

leaves raw


80.45

5.79

1.82

3.26




138.6

8116











Vangueria madagascariensis

fruit green


11.96

9.75

43.93

7.27
















Vangueria infausta

fruit

498

64.4

1.4

4.7

1.4

0.1

32.7

28

4.7


28.1

36.6

24.9

39.1

1.07

521





Vatovaea pseudolablab

leaves raw


83.44

5.41

2.89

1.69

0.66

8.81

5.91

113.69

5177











Vernonia cinerea

leaves raw


89.32

2.8

1.16

2.41




6.07

2515.5











Vigna membranacea caesia

leaves dry



26.25

17.3

12.13

3.0

58.63

41.33













Vigna membranacea caesia

leaves raw


80.9

6.56

2.0

2.83

0.37

9.34

7.34


4812.5











Vigna unguiculata

leaves raw

142

88.4

4.2

1.7





35

2400



110


4.7






Vigna unguiculata

pulse dry


11.0

23.4

3.9

3.6

1.3

60.7

56.8













Vigna unguiculata

pods young green


86.2

3.4

1.8

0.9

0.3

9.2

7.4













Vigna unguiculata

leaves


84.4

4.7

1.8

2.0

0.3

4.3


87












Vigna unguiculata

leaves raw

184

85

4.7



0.3



56

7970


63

256








Vigna unguiculata

leaves dried

950

10.6

22.6



3.2



86



348

1556








Vigna unguiculata ssp unguiculata

seeds dried

1415

11.4

22.4

5.4

3.7

1.4

61.0

55.6

2



416

104




0.08

0.09

4.0


Vitex doniana

fruit

435

70.6

0.7

1.3

0.9

0.4

' 27.4


9



47

34


2.7


0.02




Vitex doniana

fruit

1031


0.3

27

5.5

0.8






50









Vitex payos

fruit

63








1.95

593.75











Ximenia americana

fruit

556

64.8

2.8

1.2

1.9

0.8

29.7

28.5

69.7

680

3.36

34.2

7.58

31.1

1.27

718





Ximenia americana var. Caffra

fruit

37.4

77.4

1.9

0.9

1.3

1.5

17.9

17.0

68.2


1.25

35.4

8.17

19.0

0.49

558

0.03

3.02



Zanthoxylum chalybeum

fruit dry


10.98

8.5


5.52

7.75

67.26




13.65

196.0

964.0

285.3

21.81

1460





Ziziphus mauritiana

fruit semi-dry

1005

30.8

3:7

2.8

2.4

0.1

63.0


35

0


64

170


3.1


0.02


2.1


Ziziphus mauritiana

fruit dried

1201

17.4

4.3

3.4

2.8

0.1

75.4


24

0


56.0

210


3.0


0.03

0.02

2.1


Ziziphus mauritiana

fruit dry

565


1.2

1.5


0.3



400



110









Ziziphus mucronata

fruit

1695


4.4

11.4

4.3

21.8






120









Ziziphus mucronata

fruit

653

56.4

5.6

2.0

3.2

0.4

34.4

32.4

86.4


2.82

32.0

80.9

54.9

0.89

57.1





These data are from a number of sources listed in the Bibliography.

Key




b-carotein eq

p-carotene equivalent

Ca

calcium

CHO

carbohydrates

Fe

iron

K

potassium

Mg

magnesium

Na

sodium

NFE

nitrogen-free extract

niac

niacin

ribo

riboflavin

thi

thiamine

tr.

trace

kJ

kilojoules

g

grams

mg

milligrams

mg

micrograms