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close this bookTraditional Food Plants of Kenya (National Museum of Kenya, 1999, 288 p.)
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View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcacia drepanolobium Sjöstedt
View the documentAcacia hockii De Wild.
View the documentAcacia nilotica (L.) Del.
View the documentAcacia senegal (L.) Willd.
View the documentAcacia seyal Del.
View the documentAcacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
View the documentAcokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schweinf.
View the documentAdansonia digitata L.
View the documentAerva lanata (L.) Schultes
View the documentAlbizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin
View the documentAmaranthus blitum L.*
View the documentAmaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.*
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View the documentAmaranthus hybridus L.*
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View the documentAmaranthus spinosus L.*
View the documentAnnona senegalensis Pers. ssp. senegalensis
View the documentAntidesma venosum Tul.
View the documentAsystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
View the documentAsystasia mysorensis (Roth) T. Anders.
View the documentAzanza garckeana (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillcoat
View the documentBalanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del.
View the documentBalanites pedicellaris Mildbr. & Schlecht.
View the documentBalanites rotundifolia (Van Tiegh.) Blatter
View the documentBasella alba L.
View the documentBerchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsley
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View the documentBoscia coriacea Pax
View the documentBoswellia neglecta S. Moore
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View the documentBridelia taitensis Vatke & Pax
View the documentCajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
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View the documentCitrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.
View the documentCleome gynandra L.
View the documentCoccinia grandis (L.) Voigt
View the documentCoffea arabica L.
View the documentCommelina africana L.
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View the documentCommiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
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View the documentCorchorus olitorius L.
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View the documentCordia monoica Roxb.
View the documentCordia sinensis Lam.
View the documentCrotalaria brevidens Benth.
View the documentCrotalaria ochroleuca G. Don
View the documentCucumis dipsaceus Spach
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View the documentCyphia glandulifera A. Rich.
View the documentDactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
View the documentDactyloctenium giganteum Fischer & Schweick.
View the documentDialium holtzii Harms
View the documentDialium orientale Bak. f.
View the documentDigera muricata (L.) Mart.
View the documentDioscorea bulbifera L.
View the documentDioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax
View the documentDioscorea minutiflora Engl.
View the documentDiospyros mespiliformis A. DC.
View the documentDobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir.
View the documentDovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb.
View the documentDovyalis macrocalyx (Oliver) Warb.
View the documentEleusine coracana Gaertn.
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View the documentEriosema shirense Bak. f.
View the documentErucastrum arabicum Fisch. & Meyer
View the documentEuclea divinorum Hiern
View the documentFicus sycomorus L.
View the documentFicus thonningii Bl.
View the documentFlacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
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View the documentHoslundia opposita Vahl
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View the documentHyphaene compressa H. Wendl.
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View the documentIpomoea aquatica Forssk.
View the documentIpomoea lapathifolia Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea longituba Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea mombassana Vatke
View the documentIpomoea oenotherae (Vatke) Hall. f.
View the documentKedrostis pseudogijef (Gilg) C. Jeffrey
View the documentKigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.
View the documentLablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
View the documentLagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
View the documentLandolphia buchananii Stapf
View the documentLandolphia kirkii Dyer
View the documentLannea alata (Engl.) Engl.
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View the documentLaunaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) Jeffr.
View the documentLeptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
View the documentLippia carviodora Meikle
View the documentLippia kituiensis Vatke
View the documentMaerua decumbens (Brongn.) De Wolf
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View the documentMeyna tetraphylla (Hiern) Robyns
View the documentMimusops fruticosa Bojer
View the documentMimusops kummel A. DC.
View the documentMomordica rostrata A. Zimm.
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View the documentMoringa oleifera Lam.
View the documentMyrianthus holstii Engl.
View the documentNymphaea nouchali Burm. f. var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.
View the documentOxygonum sinuatum (Meisn.) Dammer
View the documentPachystigma schumannianum (Robyns) Bridson & Verdc.
View the documentPappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh.
View the documentParinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
View the documentPennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.
View the documentPhoenix reclinata Jacq.
View the documentPiliostigma thonningii (Schum.) Milne-Redh.
View the documentPortulaca oleracea L.
View the documentRhus natalensis Krauss
View the documentRhus tenuinervis Engl.
View the documentRhus vulgaris Meikle
View the documentRubus apetalus Poir.
View the documentRubus pinnatus Willd.
View the documentRubus volkensii Engl.
View the documentRumex usambarensis (Damm.) Damm.
View the documentSaba comorensis (Bojer) Pichon
View the documentSalacia madagascariensis (Lam.) DC.
View the documentSalvadora persica L.
View the documentSclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.
View the documentScutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz
View the documentSesamum calycinum Welw.
View the documentSesamum orientale L.
View the documentSolanum nigrum L.
View the documentSorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
View the documentSorindeia madagascariensis DC.
View the documentStathmostelma propinquum (N. E. Br) Schltr.
View the documentStrychnos henningsii Gilg
View the documentStrychnos madagascariensis Poir.
View the documentStrychnos spinosa Lam.
View the documentSyzygium cordatum Krauss
View the documentSyzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
View the documentTamarindus indica L.
View the documentThylachium thomasii Gilg
View the documentTylosema fassoglense (Schweinf.) Torre and Hillc.
View the documentUrtica massaica Mildbr.
View the documentUvaria acuminata Oliv.
View the documentUvaria scheffleri Diels.
View the documentVangueria apiculata K. Schum.
View the documentVangueria infausta Burch. ssp. rotundata (Robyns) Verdc.
View the documentVangueria madagascariensis Gmel.
View the documentVangueria volkensii K. Schum. var. volkensii
View the documentVatovaea pseudolablab (Harms) J. B. Gillett
View the documentVernonia cinerea Less.
View the documentVigna friesiorum Harms var. angustifolia Verdc.
View the documentVigna membranacea A. Rich.
View the documentVigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.
View the documentVigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
View the documentVitex doniana Sweet
View the documentVitex ferruginea Schum. & Thonn.
View the documentVitex mombassae Vatke
View the documentVitex payos (Lour.) Merr.
View the documentXimenia americana L
View the documentZanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. var. chalybeum
View the documentZiziphus abyssinica A. Rich.
View the documentZiziphus mauritiana Lam.
View the documentZiziphus mucronata Willd.
View the documentTermitomyces-mushrooms (edible fungi)

Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet

Papilionaceae (Fabaceae)

syn: Dolichos lablab L., D. purpureus L., Lablab niger Medic., L. vulgaris Savi

Borana: marage Chonyi: mpupu, pupu (fruit) Embu: njavi, njabi nzavi English: hyacinth bean, bonavist bean, lablab bean Giriama: mpupu Kamba: mbumbu, ngiima, nzavi Kikuyu: njahi Luhya (Bukusu): njawu, sikandakanda Luhya (maragoli): ihranda Maa: ormbombo, mbombo, irpombo Mem: njabi, ncabi Nandi: mangwanyet Samburu: lagat Sanya: pupu Swahili: mfiwi, fiwi (fruit) Tharaka: njavi

Description: A climbing perennial with thick foliage. LEAVES: With 3 leaflets, to 15 cm long. FLOWERS: Of varying colours, borne on long-stalked erect inflorescences arising from the leaf axils. Purple or cream with purple tinge. The wild subspecies uncinatus has a white keel and the standard and wing purple to violet. FRUIT: A pod variable in shape and size: broad and short (to 4 cm long by 1.5 cm wide) in ssp. uncinatus; a bit larger (up to 10 cm long) but the same shape in ssp. purpureus; long (up to 14 cm) and slender, resembling kidney bean in ssp. bengalensis of Indian origin. Seeds pink, reddish brown to black, white, or mottled red with a white hilum and a long aril.

Ecology: Cultivated mainly in the Coast, Central, Eastern and Rift Valley (central part) Provinces, 0-2,500 m. Also in the rest of Africa and in Asia. In the wild state, found climbing on other plants at the edges of riverine forest and in mountain forest. Cultivated in various types of soils. Propped up or planted with other less leafy plants where it can get support. Rainfall: 600-1,200 mm. Zones II-V.

Uses: FOOD: Dry or green beans are cooked and eaten (Kikuyu, Kamba, Maasai, Meru, Embu, Nandi), often being soaked before cooking. Beans cooked for 2-3 hours, water used to boil seeds may or may not be poured out. The beans can be cooked with vegetables or maize (Kamba, Kikuyu) or mashed with potatoes (Kikuyu). Seeds may also be boiled, fried and used as mboga (relish) with ugali. An important traditional food among the Kikuyu, almost always served to recuperating mothers after childbirth (said to increase mother's milk), important visitors (such as in-laws visiting a child named after them) and during important ceremonies. Leaves occasionally used as a vegetable in Central and Coast Provinces but a good knowledge of preparation is needed.

OTHER: A fodder crop.

Season: First crop harvested after 3½ months (at about the same time as maize). Continues to bear a crop so long as there is water in the ground, hence preferably planted in moist places.

Management: Propagated by seed. Said to be planted with other crops but preferably at the edge of cropland. Staked or planted near hedges to climb on. Pods are normally harvested individually as they mature. The same plant may produce a crop for several years.


Figure


Figure

Remarks: This bean is very variable with at least three subspecies in Kenya:

· ssp. uncinatus Verdc, is the wild form of local origin but also cultivated. Distribution: Throughout tropical Africa and south to South Africa.

· ssp. purpureus is the form widely cultivated throughout the tropics.

· ssp. bengalensis (Jacq.) Verdc. is a widely cultivated variety of Asian origin with long pods. This form is also grown in Kenya.

All the varieties are still grown in Kenya and are distinguished by the shape and colour of the seeds and pods. Seeds may be black, brown, white, speckled red or red. In Kitui the first two are referred to as mbumbu while the last three are known as ngelenge. The taxonomy of these last three with reference to the others is still dubious. Seeds of the red type may change to being poisonous after a few generations, a property which some seeds are said to have acquired at the middle of the century. To be on the safe side, throw away the first two rounds of the water used for boiling.

These are very drought-resistant pulses. Nowadays less commonly grown and the population is barely maintained by spontaneous growth in cropland or its edges. The consumption and cultivation of this bean have diminished over the years, and its place has been taken by kidney beans, peas and cowpeas. It is, however, a drought-resistant plant that should not be forgotten, especially in drier areas.


Figure