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close this bookTraditional Food Plants of Kenya (National Museum of Kenya, 1999, 288 p.)
close this folderSpecies accounts
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcacia drepanolobium Sjöstedt
View the documentAcacia hockii De Wild.
View the documentAcacia nilotica (L.) Del.
View the documentAcacia senegal (L.) Willd.
View the documentAcacia seyal Del.
View the documentAcacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
View the documentAcokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schweinf.
View the documentAdansonia digitata L.
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View the documentAlbizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin
View the documentAmaranthus blitum L.*
View the documentAmaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.*
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View the documentAmaranthus hybridus L.*
View the documentAmaranthus sparganiocephalus Thell.
View the documentAmaranthus spinosus L.*
View the documentAnnona senegalensis Pers. ssp. senegalensis
View the documentAntidesma venosum Tul.
View the documentAsystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
View the documentAsystasia mysorensis (Roth) T. Anders.
View the documentAzanza garckeana (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillcoat
View the documentBalanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del.
View the documentBalanites pedicellaris Mildbr. & Schlecht.
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View the documentDiospyros mespiliformis A. DC.
View the documentDobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir.
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View the documentEleusine coracana Gaertn.
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View the documentFicus sycomorus L.
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View the documentFlacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
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View the documentIpomoea aquatica Forssk.
View the documentIpomoea lapathifolia Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea longituba Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea mombassana Vatke
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View the documentKedrostis pseudogijef (Gilg) C. Jeffrey
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View the documentLablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
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View the documentLandolphia buchananii Stapf
View the documentLandolphia kirkii Dyer
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View the documentLaunaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) Jeffr.
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View the documentMimusops kummel A. DC.
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View the documentMyrianthus holstii Engl.
View the documentNymphaea nouchali Burm. f. var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.
View the documentOxygonum sinuatum (Meisn.) Dammer
View the documentPachystigma schumannianum (Robyns) Bridson & Verdc.
View the documentPappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh.
View the documentParinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
View the documentPennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.
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View the documentPiliostigma thonningii (Schum.) Milne-Redh.
View the documentPortulaca oleracea L.
View the documentRhus natalensis Krauss
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View the documentSalacia madagascariensis (Lam.) DC.
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View the documentSesamum calycinum Welw.
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View the documentSorindeia madagascariensis DC.
View the documentStathmostelma propinquum (N. E. Br) Schltr.
View the documentStrychnos henningsii Gilg
View the documentStrychnos madagascariensis Poir.
View the documentStrychnos spinosa Lam.
View the documentSyzygium cordatum Krauss
View the documentSyzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
View the documentTamarindus indica L.
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View the documentVangueria apiculata K. Schum.
View the documentVangueria infausta Burch. ssp. rotundata (Robyns) Verdc.
View the documentVangueria madagascariensis Gmel.
View the documentVangueria volkensii K. Schum. var. volkensii
View the documentVatovaea pseudolablab (Harms) J. B. Gillett
View the documentVernonia cinerea Less.
View the documentVigna friesiorum Harms var. angustifolia Verdc.
View the documentVigna membranacea A. Rich.
View the documentVigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.
View the documentVigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
View the documentVitex doniana Sweet
View the documentVitex ferruginea Schum. & Thonn.
View the documentVitex mombassae Vatke
View the documentVitex payos (Lour.) Merr.
View the documentXimenia americana L
View the documentZanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. var. chalybeum
View the documentZiziphus abyssinica A. Rich.
View the documentZiziphus mauritiana Lam.
View the documentZiziphus mucronata Willd.
View the documentTermitomyces-mushrooms (edible fungi)

Strychnos madagascariensis Poir.

Loganiaceae

Boni: mangura, mangula Chonyi: mkwakwa Digo: muhonga, musikiro Giriama: mujaje, mkwakwa Kamba: kikolakolania (Kathonzweni) Kambe: mkwakwa Sanya: horocha, mangula Swahili: mtonga, kikwakwa

Description: Much-branched shrub or small tree to 6 m high. BARK: Pale grey. LEAVES: Broadly elliptic, glossy green, opposite, shortly stalked or stalkless. FLOWERS: Small, greenish white. FRUITS: Round, large, to 8 cm across, green with a hard cover, turning orange-yellow on ripening. Seeds tetrahedral, not as many as in S. spinosa.

Ecology: Kenya, Tanzania south to Mozambique and South Africa. In Kenya, found at the coast and inland to Makueni District in coastal bushland, rocky hillsides and thickets, 0-700 m. Mainly in coastal sands. Zones II-IV.

Uses: FOOD: The ripe orange fruit is eaten and the pulp-covered seeds are sucked. Pulp may also be dissolved in water and made into a juice which has a sweet-acid taste. Seeds are discarded.

Management: Propagated by seeds which germinate easily.

Remarks: A related species, S. innocua Del., usually with smaller fruits 4-7 cm in diameter, has been reported in West Pokot District. The deep yellow ripe fruit is edible. Although rare in Kenya, the species is found nearby in Uganda and in West Africa east to Ethiopia and south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Strychnos innocua


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