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close this bookTraditional Food Plants of Kenya (National Museum of Kenya, 1999, 288 p.)
close this folderSpecies accounts
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcacia drepanolobium Sjöstedt
View the documentAcacia hockii De Wild.
View the documentAcacia nilotica (L.) Del.
View the documentAcacia senegal (L.) Willd.
View the documentAcacia seyal Del.
View the documentAcacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
View the documentAcokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schweinf.
View the documentAdansonia digitata L.
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View the documentAlbizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin
View the documentAmaranthus blitum L.*
View the documentAmaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.*
View the documentAmaranthus graecizans L.
View the documentAmaranthus hybridus L.*
View the documentAmaranthus sparganiocephalus Thell.
View the documentAmaranthus spinosus L.*
View the documentAnnona senegalensis Pers. ssp. senegalensis
View the documentAntidesma venosum Tul.
View the documentAsystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
View the documentAsystasia mysorensis (Roth) T. Anders.
View the documentAzanza garckeana (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillcoat
View the documentBalanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del.
View the documentBalanites pedicellaris Mildbr. & Schlecht.
View the documentBalanites rotundifolia (Van Tiegh.) Blatter
View the documentBasella alba L.
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View the documentBoscia coriacea Pax
View the documentBoswellia neglecta S. Moore
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View the documentBridelia taitensis Vatke & Pax
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View the documentCitrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.
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View the documentCommelina africana L.
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View the documentCommiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
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View the documentCorchorus olitorius L.
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View the documentCordia sinensis Lam.
View the documentCrotalaria brevidens Benth.
View the documentCrotalaria ochroleuca G. Don
View the documentCucumis dipsaceus Spach
View the documentCyperus blysmoides C. B. Cl.
View the documentCyphia glandulifera A. Rich.
View the documentDactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.
View the documentDactyloctenium giganteum Fischer & Schweick.
View the documentDialium holtzii Harms
View the documentDialium orientale Bak. f.
View the documentDigera muricata (L.) Mart.
View the documentDioscorea bulbifera L.
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View the documentDiospyros mespiliformis A. DC.
View the documentDobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir.
View the documentDovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb.
View the documentDovyalis macrocalyx (Oliver) Warb.
View the documentEleusine coracana Gaertn.
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View the documentEriosema shirense Bak. f.
View the documentErucastrum arabicum Fisch. & Meyer
View the documentEuclea divinorum Hiern
View the documentFicus sycomorus L.
View the documentFicus thonningii Bl.
View the documentFlacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
View the documentFlueggea virosa (Willd.) J. Voigt
View the documentGarcinia livingstonei T. Anderson
View the documentGrewia bicolor Juss.
View the documentGrewia tembensis Fres.
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View the documentGrewia villosa Willd.
View the documentHoslundia opposita Vahl
View the documentHydnora abyssinica Schweinf.
View the documentHyphaene compressa H. Wendl.
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View the documentIpomoea aquatica Forssk.
View the documentIpomoea lapathifolia Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea longituba Hall. f.
View the documentIpomoea mombassana Vatke
View the documentIpomoea oenotherae (Vatke) Hall. f.
View the documentKedrostis pseudogijef (Gilg) C. Jeffrey
View the documentKigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.
View the documentLablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
View the documentLagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
View the documentLandolphia buchananii Stapf
View the documentLandolphia kirkii Dyer
View the documentLannea alata (Engl.) Engl.
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View the documentLantana trifolia L.
View the documentLaunaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) Jeffr.
View the documentLeptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
View the documentLippia carviodora Meikle
View the documentLippia kituiensis Vatke
View the documentMaerua decumbens (Brongn.) De Wolf
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View the documentMeyna tetraphylla (Hiern) Robyns
View the documentMimusops fruticosa Bojer
View the documentMimusops kummel A. DC.
View the documentMomordica rostrata A. Zimm.
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View the documentMoringa oleifera Lam.
View the documentMyrianthus holstii Engl.
View the documentNymphaea nouchali Burm. f. var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.
View the documentOxygonum sinuatum (Meisn.) Dammer
View the documentPachystigma schumannianum (Robyns) Bridson & Verdc.
View the documentPappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh.
View the documentParinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
View the documentPennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.
View the documentPhoenix reclinata Jacq.
View the documentPiliostigma thonningii (Schum.) Milne-Redh.
View the documentPortulaca oleracea L.
View the documentRhus natalensis Krauss
View the documentRhus tenuinervis Engl.
View the documentRhus vulgaris Meikle
View the documentRubus apetalus Poir.
View the documentRubus pinnatus Willd.
View the documentRubus volkensii Engl.
View the documentRumex usambarensis (Damm.) Damm.
View the documentSaba comorensis (Bojer) Pichon
View the documentSalacia madagascariensis (Lam.) DC.
View the documentSalvadora persica L.
View the documentSclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.
View the documentScutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz
View the documentSesamum calycinum Welw.
View the documentSesamum orientale L.
View the documentSolanum nigrum L.
View the documentSorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
View the documentSorindeia madagascariensis DC.
View the documentStathmostelma propinquum (N. E. Br) Schltr.
View the documentStrychnos henningsii Gilg
View the documentStrychnos madagascariensis Poir.
View the documentStrychnos spinosa Lam.
View the documentSyzygium cordatum Krauss
View the documentSyzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
View the documentTamarindus indica L.
View the documentThylachium thomasii Gilg
View the documentTylosema fassoglense (Schweinf.) Torre and Hillc.
View the documentUrtica massaica Mildbr.
View the documentUvaria acuminata Oliv.
View the documentUvaria scheffleri Diels.
View the documentVangueria apiculata K. Schum.
View the documentVangueria infausta Burch. ssp. rotundata (Robyns) Verdc.
View the documentVangueria madagascariensis Gmel.
View the documentVangueria volkensii K. Schum. var. volkensii
View the documentVatovaea pseudolablab (Harms) J. B. Gillett
View the documentVernonia cinerea Less.
View the documentVigna friesiorum Harms var. angustifolia Verdc.
View the documentVigna membranacea A. Rich.
View the documentVigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.
View the documentVigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
View the documentVitex doniana Sweet
View the documentVitex ferruginea Schum. & Thonn.
View the documentVitex mombassae Vatke
View the documentVitex payos (Lour.) Merr.
View the documentXimenia americana L
View the documentZanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. var. chalybeum
View the documentZiziphus abyssinica A. Rich.
View the documentZiziphus mauritiana Lam.
View the documentZiziphus mucronata Willd.
View the documentTermitomyces-mushrooms (edible fungi)

Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.

Chrysobalanaceae

syn: P. mobola Oliver

English: mobola plum Kisii: omoraa Kuria: mutaburu Luo: ongoro Maa: ol'matakuroi Mbeere: muura, maura (fruits)

Description: An evergreen tree to 15 m high, usually much smaller. Crown normally rounded. Bark dark grey, rough and longitudinally fissured. Young branches covered with lenticels. LEAVES: Alternate with short petiole hardly 3 mm long, usually elliptic with a rounded tip, base cuneate or slightly cordate, blade leathery, light green above, silvery grey and softly hairy underneath. Veins conspicuous and parallel. FLOWERS: Small, lightly scented, borne on hairy terminal or axillary inflorescences, calyx grey and hairy, corolla mauve, pink or purple. FRUIT: Ellipsoid nearly spherical, to 5 cm long, yellow to orange and soft when ripe, turning dark brown as it dries. Fruit covered with numerous white or brown specks of cork. Pulp yellow, enclosing a single hard seed.

Ecology: Senegal east to Sudan and south to north-eastern South Africa and north-eastern Namibia. In Kenya, e.g. at Siakago (Embu), Keumbu, Wanjare (Kisii), Suna, Lolgorien, Maasai Mara, Homa Bay, Kuria, Kwale, in bushland, wooded grassland, forest edges, &-2.100 m. Common on sandy and light clay soils and rocky hill slopes. Rainfall: 700-1500 mm. Zones I-V.

Uses: Food: Ripe fruit pulp is edible (+++). Sweet, with a strong pineapple smell. An important fruit tree, usually preserved by farmers. In southern Africa it is made into alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks.

OTHER: Fuelwood. Source of timber (++). Wood red, hard, heavy and durable (++).

COMMERCIAL: Reportedly sold in Tanzania.

Season: Rowers in March in Embu, December in Kisii, July in Narok, September in Kwale. Fruits in May-June in Embu.

Management: Propagated by seed which may need pre- treatment with hot water to speed up germination. Produces suckers.

Status: Generally uncommon.

Remarks: Seeds have a high oil content. Two subspecies are recognized:

· ssp. curatellifolia with leaves which have silvery grey hairs on the lower surface and in Kenya found inland in Embu, Kisii, Narok, Kuria, Homa Bay and Migori. It is commonest from Tanzania north-west to Senegal.

· ssp. mobola (Oliv.) R. Grah. (syn. P. mobola Oliv.) with brown hairy underside of leaves and, on average, longer flowers. It is common in coastal areas and is the commonest in southern Africa. The presence of intermediate characters such as pubescence and flower size, however, make it hard to differentiate the two subspecies.

P. goetzeniana Engl., an evergreen forest tree with edible black fruits, has been reported in the Usambara Mountains in north-eastern Tanzania. P. capensis, on the other hand, is a small shrub found in southern Africa, south of the Zambezi River.


Figure


Figure

The other member in this family in Kenya is Hirtella zanzibarica Oliv., an evergreen tree with a buttressed base and smooth dark bark. Flowers in axillary or terminal panicles. The ripe reddish fruits, which may be up to 25 mm long, are edible. Distribution: Southern Kenyan coast, especially the Shimba Hills (Digo: mwawa). All these species were earlier placed in the family Rosaceae. P. curatellifolia is valued almost as much as Sclerocarya birrea. Their fruits resemble each other and are used in a similar manner; hence the local names are sometimes the same or share a common root.


Hirtella zanzibarica