Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project



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Institution Name: Goddard College
Original/Historic Place Name: Pergola
Location on Campus:
Date(s) of Construction:
1925original construction Kelly, James T.
Designer: James T. Kelly
Type of Place: Landscape site
Style: Other (Glossary)
Significance: architecture, culture, education, history, landscape
Narrative: see below
References: see below
1925-present (2006)gardens (planned; original garden structure on the Greatwood campus)

This is a garden structure with hipped roof and three walls of granite and shale. It forms the main entrance to the formal lower gardens from the drive between the main house and the quadrangle of farm buildings. The enclosure looks out upon a formal garden, and there is a pattern of hedges enclosed by granite and shale walls on three sides. On the fourth side a white wooden fence separates the formal garden from the rose garden immediately adjacent to the main house. Across the drive from the pergola, stone steps lead to the ram's head pool and the upper garden.

The Pergola is almost in the same condition as when it was built and continues to be used for the original purposes it was intended for. In addition it is a center piece for college life and special events throughout the year. The foundation for the Pergola is rumored to be taken from the original foundation (after 1908) of the Community Center.


The American Renaissance, 1876-1917. Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Museum; New York: Pantheon, 1979.

Brett, Gerald. English Furniture and its Setting. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1965.

Byron, John. New York Interiors. New York, Dover, 1976.

Coman, Katherine. The Industrial History of the United States. New York: Arno Press, 1973.

Fastnedge, Ralph. English Furniture Styles from 1500 to 1830. New York: Barnes, 1964.

Fitzgerald, Oscar. Three Centuries of American Furniture. Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice Hall, 1982.

Historic Sites & Structures Survey [Marshfield, including Goddard College]. Monpelier, VT: Vermont Division for Historic Preservation, 1976.

Hutchinson, Hal. Goddard College Greatwood Campus. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1996.

Kettell, Russell. Early American Rooms, 1650-1858. New York: Dover Publications, 1967.

Kirk, John T. Early American Furniture. New York: Knopf, 1970.

Lyness, Russell. The Tastemakers. New York: Harper, 1954.

Saarinen, Aline B. The Proud Professors. New York: Random House, 1958.

Sieveking, Albertus Forbes. Gardens Ancient and Modern. London: I. M. Dent & Company, 1899.

Stone, Arthur F. The Vermont of Today. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1929.

Thacker, Christopher. The History of Gardens. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1979.

Townsend, Marjorie. "Humanism class lecture." Plainfield, VT: Goddard College, February 10, 1971.

"Vermont's Finest Farms." Field Illustrated (March 1920).

Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Wosley, S.W., and R.W.P. Luff. Furniture in England: The Age of the Joiner. New York: Praeger, 1969.

Zirblis, R. "Interview with Townsend." April 2, 1984.


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Last update: November 2006