Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project

 

 
Garden House

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Institution Name: Goddard College
Original/Historic Place Name: Garden House
Location on Campus:
Date(s) of Construction:
1925original construction Kelly, James T.
Designer: James T. Kelly
Type of Place: Individual building
Style: Gothic revival, Other (Glossary)
Significance: architecture, culture, education, history
Narrative: see below
References: see below
Materials:
Foundation: concrete
Walls: wood frame with brick siding
Roof: slate shingle
 
Function:
1925-present (2006)other (garden house, with summertime activities and garden parties)
 

Narrative:
The garden house was built using the timbers from the Ipswich, MA Courthouse acquired by Mr. Martin when it was torn down. The origin of the building is of interest because the Ipswich Courthouse was the location of the Salem Witch Trials, where Mr. Martin's relative, Susannah Martin, had been imprisoned, tried, and sentenced to death as a witch. The timbers are exposed in the interior and supported by four corbels carved by the Bromsgrove Guild in Montreal in the form of animal heads (boar, cow, ram, and goat). A large fireplace on the northern wall has a Tudor arched limestone mantel with quatrefoils in the spandrels. The garden house is in the early stages of a restoration process.

As the center piece of the formal gardens, this unique building serves as a charming example of the unique architectural style of the Greatwood Campus. It is currently used for special events held in the gardens, such as weddings, annual garden tours to benefit local charities, and memorial services for alumni and friends of Goddard College.
 

References:

The American Renaissance, 1876-1917. Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Museum; New York: Pantheon, 1979.

Brett, Gerald. English Furniture and its Setting. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1965.

Byron, John. New York Interiors. New York, Dover, 1976.

Coman, Katherine. The Industrial History of the United States. New York: Arno Press, 1973.

Fastnedge, Ralph. English Furniture Styles from 1500 to 1830. New York: Barnes, 1964.

Fitzgerald, Oscar. Three Centuries of American Furniture. Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice Hall, 1982.

Historic Sites & Structures Survey [Marshfield, including Goddard College]. Monpelier, VT: Vermont Division for Historic Preservation, 1976.

Hutchinson, Hal. Goddard College Greatwood Campus. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1996.

Kettell, Russell. Early American Rooms, 1650-1858. New York: Dover Publications, 1967.

Kirk, John T. Early American Furniture. New York: Knopf, 1970.

Lyness, Russell. The Tastemakers. New York: Harper, 1954.

Saarinen, Aline B. The Proud Professors. New York: Random House, 1958.

Sieveking, Albertus Forbes. Gardens Ancient and Modern. London: I. M. Dent & Company, 1899.

Stone, Arthur F. The Vermont of Today. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1929.

Thacker, Christopher. The History of Gardens. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1979.

Townsend, Marjorie. "Humanism class lecture." Plainfield, VT: Goddard College, February 10, 1971.

"Vermont's Finest Farms." Field Illustrated (March 1920).

Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Wosley, S. W., and R. W. P. Luff. Furniture in England The Age of the Joiner. New York: Praeger, 1969.

Zirblis, R. "Interview with Townsend." April 2, 1984.

 

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Last update: November 2006