Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project



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Institution Name: Goddard College
Original/Historic Place Name: Clockhouse
Location on Campus:
Date(s) of Construction:
1868original construction Kelly, James T.
1938renovation Freeman French Freeman
Designer: James T. Kelly; Freeman French Freeman (Burlington, VT)
Type of Place: Individual building
Style: Other (Glossary)
Significance: architecture, culture, education, history
Narrative: see below
References: see below
Foundation: concrete (after 1908)
Walls: wood frame
Roof: asphalt shingle
ca. 1868other (the first story was used as a creamery and the second story for the farm manager’s office)
ca. 2004-present (2006)classrooms
ca. 2004-present (2006)other (pre-school day care program)
ca. 2004-present (2006)other (being rented to the Vermont Peace Academy as office space)

This one-and-a-half story, shingle-clad clock tower is capped by a bell-cast roof and finial. The gable roof has pent returns that sweep up to meet the tower; the rear elevation has pent eaves returns. There are jerkinhead dormers on either slope of the gable roof. The centrally located clock tower projects 1-1/2 stories above the main mass of the building.

The rebuilding was directed by J. Frederick Larson, college architect of Hanover New Hampshire, in 1938. The firm of Freeman, French, and Freeman of Burlington Vermont carried out the plan. The Clock House is the central focus of the Greatwood Campus of Goddard College and has been used as a symbol and image in College literature, letterhead, and promotional advertising for most of Goddard's recent history.


The American Renaissance, 1876-1917. Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Museum; New York: Pantheon, 1979.

Brett, Gerald. English Furniture and its Setting. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1965.

Byron, John. New York Interiors. New York, Dover, 1976.

Coman, Katherine. The Industrial History of the United States. New York: Arno Press, 1973.

Fastnedge, Ralph. English Furniture Styles from 1500 to 1830. New York: Barnes, 1964.

Fitzgerald, Oscar. Three Centuries of American Furniture. Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice Hall, 1982.

Historic Sites & Structures Survey [Marshfield, including Goddard College]. Monpelier, VT: Vermont Division for Historic Preservation, 1976.

Hutchinson, Hal. Goddard College Greatwood Campus. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1996.

Kettell, Russell. Early American Rooms, 1650-1858. New York: Dover Publications, 1967.

Kirk, John T. Early American Furniture. New York: Knopf, 1970.

Lyness, Russell. The Tastemakers. New York: Harper, 1954.

Saarinen, Aline B. The Proud Professors. New York: Random House, 1958.

Sieveking, Albertus Forbes. Gardens Ancient and Modern. London: I. M. Dent & Company, 1899.

Stone, Arthur F. The Vermont of Today. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1929.

Thacker, Christopher. The History of Gardens. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1979.

Townsend, Marjorie. "Humanism class lecture." Plainfield, VT: Goddard College, February 10, 1971.

"Vermont's Finest Farms." Field Illustrated (March 1920).

Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Wosley, S. W., and R. W. P. Luff. Furniture in England: The Age of the Joiner. New York: Praeger, 1969.

Zirblis, R. "Interview with Townsend." April 2, 1984.


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Last update: November 2006