Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project

 

 
Shove Memorial Chapel

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Institution Name: Colorado College
Original/Historic Place Name: Shove Memorial Chapel
Location on Campus: 1010 N. Nevada Ave.
Date(s) of Construction:
1931original construction Gray, John
Designer: John Gray
Type of Place: Individual building
Style: Romanesque revival (Glossary)
Significance: architecture, education, history
Narrative: see below
References: see below
Materials:
Foundation: stone
Walls: Indiana limestone
Roof: ceramic tile
 
Function:
1931-present (2006)chapel (including Chaplain's office)
1931-present (2006)auditorium
 

Narrative:
Shove Memorial Chapel (1931) was the last stone building erected on campus, closing down an era of construction that began in the late 1800s and did not resume until after World War II. The chapel, sited at the east end of the east-west axis of the central quadrangle, completed the baroque plan set out by General William Jackson Palmer's planners in the early 1870s. The chapel has the most lavish, elegant materials and appointments of any building on campus and remains in excellent condition.

Eurgene Percy Shove, long a member of the college's Board of Trustees, gave $450,000 for the chapel's construction and maintenance. Shove's ancestors comprised numerous English clergy, and Shove sought to memorialize them with the chapel. Like many of the college's benefactors, Shove derived much of his fortune from the gold mines of nearby Cripple Creek

John Gray, a Pueblo architect, designed the chapel. Unlike all of the college's earlier buildings, which were constructed of regional stone, the chapel was made of Indiana limestone. The building was designed in the Norman Romanesque style, except for its bathrooms, which are Art Deco.

Shove is known for its fine stained glass windows and ceiling paintings, as well as hand carvings on both stone and wood. Writing in the preface of This Glorious and Transcendant Place (published by the college in 1981), former Dean of the College Timothy Fuller claims: "Both in its historical references, and in its structure and decoration, Shove Memorial Chapel seeks to harmonize, in a single, symbolic program, the sciences and humanities, theology and philosophy, and the threads of English and American culture, by means of which Colorado College is connected to the ancient foundations of our civilization. It is this background from which the college, as it is today, has evolved."

Colorado College in its early years had associations with the Congregationalist Church, but Shove Chapel has been non-denominational from its beginnings.
 

References:

Abbott, Carl, Stephen J. Leonard, and David McComb. Colorado: A History of the Centennial State. Boulder, CO: Colorado Associated University Press, 1982.

Abele, Deborah. Downtown Historic and Architectural Intensive Survey. Report. City of Colorado Springs, 1985.

Brettell, Richard. Historic Denver. Denver, CO: Historic Denver, 1979.

Buildings of Colorado College, Past and Present. 1984. Revised 1988, 1991, 1996. Special Collections. Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO.

Dober, Richard. Campus Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1992.

Dober and Associates, Inc. The Colorado College Planning Study. [s.l.: s.n.], 1983.

Educational Facilities Laboratories. Bricks and Mortarboards: a Report from Educational Facilities Laboratories on College Planning and Building. [New York]: Educational Facilities Laboratories, 1963.

Freed, Elaine. Preserving the High Plains and Rocky Mountains. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1992.

Fuller, Timothy, ed. This Glorious and Transcendant Place. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado College, 1981.

Hershey, Charlie Brown. Colorado College, 1874-1949. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado College, 1952.

Langford, Roy. "The Buildings of the Colorado College." Revised manuscript. 1994. Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO.

Larson, Paul Clifford, and Susan M. Brown, eds. The Spirit of H. H. Richardson on the Midland Prairies: Regional Transformation of an Architectural Style. Minneapolis, MN: University Art Museum, University of Minnesota, 1988.

Loeffler, Bruce. Recapturing the Past: Envisioning the Future. Exhibition panels. Special Collections. Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO.

Loevy, Robert D. Colorado College: A Place of Learning 1874-1999. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado College, 1999.

Lucas, Andrea J., and R. Laurie Simmons. Historic Resources of Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado. National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Documentation Form. Washington, DC: U. S Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1997.

Main Street Design. Design Guidelines: North Weber/Wahsatch Historic District/Prepared for the City of Colorado Springs and the Comprehensive Planning Division, Planning, and Development by Main Street Design. [Colorado Springs, CO]: Main Street Design, 1990.
Manning Architects, John Prosser Architects, and Winter and Company. Colorado College: Historic Preservation. [New Orleans, LA and Denver, CO: Manning Architects, John Prosser Architects, and Winter and Company], 1993.

Michaud, Ellen C. "Alone on the Prairie." Colorado Magazine 4 (1983): 2-17.

Noel, Thomas J. Buildings of Colorado. Society of Architectural Historians, Buildings of the United States series. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects. Plans for planting and grading at Colorado College. [Brookline, MA: Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects], 1924.

Reid, J. Juan. Colorado College: The First Century, 1874-1974. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado College, 1979.

Reps, John W. Cities of the American West: A History of Frontier Urban Planning. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 1979.

Riley, Gresham. The Colorado College--An Informal History. New York: Newcomen Society in North America, 1982.

Sprague, Marshall. Colorado: A Bicentennial History. New York: W. W. Norton, 1976.

Sprague, Marshall. Newport in the Rockies: The Life and Good Times of Colorado Springs. Denver, CO: Sage Books, 1961.

Thompson and Rose Architects. Recapturing the Commons: The Colorado College Campus Master Plan: A Vision Through the Year 2025. Report. [Somerville, MA: Thompson and Rose Architects], 1995.

 

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