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Montgomery Hall (1891), well-maintained as a women's residence for more than a century, was central to the college's original decision to establish a coeducational institution. The Woman's Educational Society, a local group organized solely to support the college, raised money for construction of the building. The college (and the woman's society) wanted to protect its young female students by offering on-campus housing, but they surely sought as well to keep these young women reined in and out of mischief.
In building Montgomery, Colorado College was following the example of Smith College in Massachusetts, which had developed a "cottage" system for housing women students. The goal was to construct buildings on a small, human scale in order to appear truly residential. The college's later dorimitories, Ticknor and Bemis, adopted this model as well. The hall is part of a residential quadrangle that includes three other historic dormitories: McGregor, Bemis, and Ticknor.
Montgomery's construction came early in the tenure of William Frederick Slocum (1888 1917) and was concurrent with the immense wealth in the region that was generated by the nearby gold mines of Cripple Creek. New riches, combined with President Slocum's ambitions, guaranteed that the college would grow and prosper, and Montgomery Hall is palpable evidence of that realization. Mary Slocum, the president's wife, led the campaign to build the new hall.
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