Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Montgomery Hall

Click on image titles for larger views.
Institution Name: Colorado College
Original/Historic Place Name: Montgomery Hall
Location on Campus: 1030 N. Nevada Ave.
Date(s) of Construction:
1891original construction Douglas & Hetherington
Designer: Douglas & Hetherington
Type of Place: Individual building
Style: Romanesque revival, Victorian, Other (Glossary)
Significance: architecture, education, history
Narrative: see below
References: see below
Foundation: stone
Walls: ignimbrite (Colorado volcanic rock)
Roof: 1940s asbestos tile
1891-present (2006)residence hall (women's)

Montgomery Hall (1891), well-maintained as a women's residence for more than a century, was central to the college's original decision to establish a coeducational institution. The Woman's Educational Society, a local group organized solely to support the college, raised money for construction of the building. The college (and the woman's society) wanted to protect its young female students by offering on-campus housing, but they surely sought as well to keep these young women reined in and out of mischief.

In building Montgomery, Colorado College was following the example of Smith College in Massachusetts, which had developed a "cottage" system for housing women students. The goal was to construct buildings on a small, human scale in order to appear truly residential. The college's later dorimitories, Ticknor and Bemis, adopted this model as well. The hall is part of a residential quadrangle that includes three other historic dormitories: McGregor, Bemis, and Ticknor.

Montgomery's construction came early in the tenure of William Frederick Slocum (1888 1917) and was concurrent with the immense wealth in the region that was generated by the nearby gold mines of Cripple Creek. New riches, combined with President Slocum's ambitions, guaranteed that the college would grow and prosper, and Montgomery Hall is palpable evidence of that realization. Mary Slocum, the president's wife, led the campaign to build the new hall.


Abbott, Carl, Stephen J. Leonard, and David McComb. Colorado: A History of the Centennial State. Boulder, CO: Colorado Associated University Press, 1982.

Abele, Deborah. Downtown Historic and Architectural Intensive Survey. Report. City of Colorado Springs, 1985.

Brettell, Richard. Historic Denver. Denver, CO: Historic Denver, 1979.

Buildings of Colorado College, Past and Present. 1984. Revised 1988, 1991, 1996. Special Collections. Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO.

Dober, Richard. Campus Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1992.

Dober and Associates, Inc. The Colorado College Planning Study. [s.l.: s.n.], 1983.

Educational Facilities Laboratories. Bricks and Mortarboards: a Report from Educational Facilities Laboratories on College Planning and Building. [New York]: Educational Facilities Laboratories, 1963.

Freed, Elaine. Preserving the High Plains and Rocky Mountains. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1992.

Fuller, Timothy, ed. This Glorious and Transcendant Place. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado College, 1981.

Hershey, Charlie Brown. Colorado College, 1874-1949. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado College, 1952.

Langford, Roy. "The Buildings of the Colorado College." Revised manuscript. 1994. Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO.

Larson, Paul Clifford, and Susan M. Brown, eds. The Spirit of H. H. Richardson on the Midland Prairies: Regional Transformation of an Architectural Style. Minneapolis, MN: University Art Museum, University of Minnesota, 1988.

Loeffler, Bruce. Recapturing the Past: Envisioning the Future. Exhibition panels. Special Collections. Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO.

Loevy, Robert D. Colorado College: A Place of Learning 1874-1999. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado College, 1999.

Lucas, Andrea J., and R. Laurie Simmons. Historic Resources of Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado. National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Documentation Form. Washington, DC: U. S Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1997.

Main Street Design. Design Guidelines: North Weber/Wahsatch Historic District/Prepared for the City of Colorado Springs and the Comprehensive Planning Division, Planning, and Development by Main Street Design. [Colorado Springs, CO]: Main Street Design, 1990.
Manning Architects, John Prosser Architects, and Winter and Company. Colorado College: Historic Preservation. [New Orleans, LA and Denver, CO: Manning Architects, John Prosser Architects, and Winter and Company], 1993.

Michaud, Ellen C. "Alone on the Prairie." Colorado Magazine 4 (1983): 2-17.

Munson, Patricia B. Montgomery Hall--The Colorado College. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1990.

Noel, Thomas J. Buildings of Colorado. Society of Architectural Historians, Buildings of the United States series. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects. Plans for planting and grading at Colorado College. [Brookline, MA: Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects], 1924.

Reid, J. Juan. Colorado College: The First Century, 1874-1974. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado College, 1979.

Reps, John W. Cities of the American West: A History of Frontier Urban Planning. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 1979.

Riley, Gresham. The Colorado College--An Informal History. New York: Newcomen Society in North America, 1982.

Sprague, Marshall. Colorado: A Bicentennial History. New York: W. W. Norton, 1976.

Sprague, Marshall. Newport in the Rockies: The Life and Good Times of Colorado Springs. Denver, CO: Sage Books, 1961.

Thompson and Rose Architects. Recapturing the Commons: The Colorado College Campus Master Plan: A Vision Through the Year 2025. Report. [Somerville, MA: Thompson and Rose Architects], 1995.


Contact us / About Site / About CIC
© 2006
Council of Independent Colleges
Washington, DC
All rights reserved
Last update: November 2006