Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project

 

 
Phelps Stokes Chapel

Click on image titles for larger views.
Institution Name: Berea College
Original/Historic Place Name: Main Chapel
Location on Campus: next to Frost Building
Date(s) of Construction:
1903-1906original construction
Designer: Howells & I. N. Phelps Stokes, NYC
Type of Place: Individual building
Style: Beaux-Arts classicism, Other (Glossary)
Significance: architecture, education
Narrative: see below
References: see below
Materials:
Foundation: local stone
Walls: brick (made by students)
Roof: slate
 
Function:
1906-present (2006)auditorium (assembly hall for large gatherings)
1906-present (2006)chapel
 

Narrative:
After the original Gothic Chapel (1880-1902) burned in 1902, Olivia G. Phelps Stokes promised the funds to build a new chapel, provided that students would build it. The College built a brick factory at Rucker's Knob, cut and cured the oak from the College forest, and, after a trial construction run on the Edward's Building, constructed the building with student labor and College Woodcraft in 1905. This was the seat of the non-denominational church services provided for the interracial student body and townsfolk. No other churches were in Berea during the 1800s. College Founder John Fee eventually broke from Union Church, housed in Main Chapel, and founded the Christian Church, which was built parallel to and across Ellipse Street from Main Chapel. This was the center of religious training and formal services for students, faculty, and townspeople, and it was the site for all major speeches and sermons of both political and religious U.S. leaders.
 

References:
 

Contact us / About Site / About CIC
© 2006
Council of Independent Colleges
Washington, DC
All rights reserved
Last update: November 2006