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From the National Register report:
"A three story, singled loaded structure of bricks made on the property, the design is American Benedictine. The original section of the structure was laid out by Dom Placiuds Polz, O.S.B., and monks experienced in carpentry supervised the less experienced monastic brother and priests in the construction work initiated in 1880. The subsequent sections merely continued the original concept. Evidence of the lack of architectural and engineering expertise is found in the considerable variation in window widths and in the progressive decrease in the building's width. The structure has a full basement, slight trim, and minimal ornamentation that increases at the summit. A porte-cochere was added to the main entrance in 1902 and a veranda runs the length of the building's north and east ends. The Monastery is the private residence of the Benedictine Monks of Belmont Abbey. The public is permitted some access to the first floor, but the two upper floors lie within the monastic clausura. Admittance is restricted accordingly. Renovation of the structure in 1976 won the architects, Freeman-White Associations, the 1978 Honor Award of the North Carolina Chapter of the A.I.A. Except of the replacement windows, the removal of the shutters, and two bricked-in doorways, the exterior is as it was when the last portico was added in 1902."
Alexander, Frances P., and Richard L. Mattson. Belmont Abbey Historic District [including Belmont Abbey College]. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1993.
Baumstein, Paschal, Beth Bargar, and Debra G. Estes. A Walking Tour of Historic Belmont Abbey. Booklet. Belmont, NC: Belmont Abbey College, 1997.