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Built in 1928 by the architectural firm of York & Sawyer, Blodgett Hall is a Gothic Revival building planned to embody the idea of Euthenics. Invented by the Vassar graduate Ellen Swallow Richards, the discipline of Euthenics was conceived as a way to educate women holistically in the social and physical science of domestic life. It incorporated under one roof facilities for lectures, laboratory work, museum displays, household technology, as well as library resources for the social sciences. In a letter to the architect, President Henry Noble MacCracken described the building's program as a multidisciplinary endeavor centered in "the sciences which have to do with the improvement of material living conditions," and that its landscape and general design were to be "in harmony with this purpose."
The building forms a square, U-shaped plan, with a formal lecture hall in one arm and classrooms, offices, and model dwelling units in the basement and other arm. The division in function is expressed in different architectural styles. The lecture hall is in a Gothic style with pointed arched windows, tracery, and even small (though useless) buttresses on the outside. The classrooms, offices, and practicum areas are in a toned-down form of Gothic chateau style that seems to recall a monastery or convent rather than the formal church Gothic of the lecture hall.
The building's construction date of 1928 makes it roughly contemporary with the greatest works of early European modernism. This modern influence is reflected in the building's free interpretation of traditional forms. Thus, at the off-center entry gate, the moldings around the door swell forward recalling streamlined contemporary art deco architecture. Additionally, the building is constructed from rough-cut, colorfully-striated stone that has been laid with wide joints to carefully distinguish each block. The effect is not unlike the abstract color experiments found in the work of the painter Piet Mondrian and the associated De Stijl movement.
The building opened up a new area of the campus recently acquired. It was the basic building of a quadrangular group, which was also to include a dormitory (Cushing), a nursery school (Wimpfheimer), and a gymnasium (Kenyon). All the buildings in this block of four were to be dedicated to improved living. In the 1930s part of Blodgett was assigned to cooperative house living and in the 1940s, it housed a social museum that showcased the results of Vassar's work in the Poughkeepsie community. A special exhibition about public housing in New York City illustrated themes of a lecture presented at the college by Eleanor Roosevelt. After the 1940s when Euthenics was withdrawn as a major, Blodgett was broadened for more general use. Over the years, tenants in the building have changed following changes in the curriculum. Today the building houses the departments of Sociology, Psychology, and Anthropology.
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