Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project

 

 
Galloway Hall

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Institution Name: Tougaloo College
Original/Historic Place Name: Galloway Hall
Location on Campus: historic core of campus
Date(s) of Construction:
1930original construction Hull, Emmett J.
Designer: Emmett J. Hull
Type of Place: Individual building
Style: Beaux-Arts classicism (Glossary)
Significance: architecture, culture, education, history, religion
Narrative: see below
References: see below
Materials:
Foundation: concrete
Walls: masonry blocks with brick veneer
Roof: fiberglass shingles
 
Function:
1930-1994residence hall (originally for men, then co-ed)
ca. 2004-present (2006)administration (Office of Facilities Management)
ca. 2004-present (2006)classrooms
 

Narrative:
In 1930, the Galloway Hall standing today replaced the original Galloway Hall building, constructed by Tougaloo students in 1907. Both were named in honor of Bishop Charles B. Galloway, a Tougaloo College trustee. The U-shaped, two-story building with a garden level basement features a central portico with a front-facing gable ornamented with a decorative plaster motif and Greek key moldings under the eaves. Three arches separated by brick pilasters form this portico. The two pavilions on the eastern and western ends have brick quoins on the corners. Four of the second floor windows have wrought-iron window balcony ornamentation.

Galloway Hall served originally as a men's dormitory and eventually as a ladies dormitory with classrooms on the basement level until 1994, when it was closed for renovation. This renovation was only limited to some moderate structural and exterior repairs and the building remained mostly vacant for several years. Presently, the garden level floor is utilized for classroom space while the main level of the structure is being converted into administration and support offices. Overall, the building requires additional structural, functional, and cosmetic upgrades.
 

References:

Campbell, Clarice T., and Oscar Allan Rogers, Jr. Mississippi: The View from Tougaloo. Jackson, MS: University of Mississippi Press, 1979 and 2002.

Campus Planning and Development Assessment [Tougaloo College]. National Park Service report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1989.

Dixon, John Morris. "How to Grow a Campus: 1. Tougaloo College." Architectural Forum 124 (April 1966): 56-60.

Historical Sketch of Tougaloo University: Tougaloo, Mississippi. [s.l.:] American Missionary Association, 1909.

Mayo, Amory Dwight. Industrial Education in the South. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1888.

Mississippi State Building Commission. "Physical Facilities, Institutions of Higher Learning, State of Mississippi, Public and Private Institutions." Report. 1967-1968.

National Park Service, Southeast Region. National Historic Landmark Condition Assessment Report, Galloway Hall. Tougaloo College, Tougaloo, MS, 2000.

"Negro." WPA Records, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MS.

"Tougaloo College." WPA Records, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MS.

U.S. Congress. House Committee on Natural Resources. Historically Black Colleges and Universities Historic Building Restoration and Preservation Act: Report Together with Dissenting Views (To Accompany H.R. 2921) (Including Cost Estimate of the Congressional Budget Office.) [Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1993.]

Wise, Deborah G. Tougaloo College Historic District. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1998.

 

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Last update: November 2006