Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Birch Hall

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Institution Name: Antioch College
Original/Historic Place Name: Birch Hall
Location on Campus:
Date(s) of Construction:
1946-1948original design Saarinen, Swanson & Saarinen
Designer: Saarinen, Swanson & Saarinen
Type of Place: Individual building
Style: Modern/post-WWII (Glossary)
Significance: architecture, education, history, religion
Narrative: see below
References: see below
Foundation: concrete
Walls: brick
Roof: tar, gravel
1948-present (2006)private residence (faculty apartments)
1948-present (2006)residence hall (originally for women, now co-ed, including common space)

Birch Hall was designed as the first of many new buildings in a campus "master plan" conceived by world renowned architect, Eero Saarinen, whose credits include the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, MO and the former TWA Terminal of Kennedy International Airport in NYC. Though the rest of his plan was not followed, Birch is an outstanding example of the modern Cubist style of post WWII architecture.


Building A Campus: One Hundred Years of Architecture at Antioch College. Pamphlet. Dayton, OH: printed for Dayton Art Institute Exhibition, April 1954.

Dober, Richard P. Campus Planning. New York: Reinhold Publishing, 1963. Reprint, Ann Arbor, MI: Society for College and University Planning, 1996.


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Last update: November 2006